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A molecularly targeted pre- and post-exposure vaccine for anthrax

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41AI106153-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41AI106153
Amount: $509,817.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PA10-124
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2014
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2014-07-10
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-06-30
Small Business Information
3210 Merryfield Row
San Diego, CA 92121-1126
United States
DUNS: 160242579
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (734) 769-7100
Business Contact
Phone: (858) 581-3960
Research Institution
1600 Huron Parkway 2nd Floor
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5001
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant We have shown that immunization of rabbits with multiple antigenic peptides MAPs displaying sequence from domain of protective antigen PA elicit antibodies specific for a linear determinant within the
loop of PA that mediate potent neutralization of lethal toxin LeTx in vitro We have now shown in two separate large studies that antibodies against this site referred to as the loop neutralizing determinant LND can mediate complete protection of rabbits from an aerosolized spore inhalation challenge with a LD targeted dose of B anthracis Ames strain LND specific antibody is not present in rabbit PA antiserum and more importantly is not present in AVA vaccinee sera The LND specificity therefore is non overlapping with the specificities present in PA antisera and therefore represents a unique and novel specificity for development of a stand alone or adjunctive vaccine for anthrax We have now developed an optimized highly immunogenic LND VLP vaccine using our novel proprietary platform technology which incorporates the vaccine target sequence into highly immunogenic virus like particles This new LND vaccine when formulated with human use adjuvants has the potential to elicit potent and rapid protective immunity against anthrax with only one or two injections In the current project we will further optimize the LND VLP vaccine through insertion of a second linear neutralizing epitope we have identified in lethal factor to establish additional critical redundancy and increased potency in a new bivalent LND LF VLP vaccine which promises to be a safe and strategic new pre and post exposure vaccine for anthrax PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Inhalation anthrax remains a severe threat to our military and to the general population yet while all non immune individuals would be at grave risk in the event of exposure to aerosolized anthrax protecting all members of the population through universal vaccination is not feasible or desirable In this project we will continue our development of a novel vaccine for anthrax that has the potential to very rapidly elicit protective levels of antibody in vaccines after only one or two vaccine doses and promises to be a uniquely efficacious pre and post exposure vaccine for anthrax

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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