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High-potency nitro antimicrobials for topical treatment of trichomoniasis

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41AI118089-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41AI118089
Amount: $353,902.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: R
Solicitation Number: PA14-072
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-02-04
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-01-31
Small Business Information
Portland, OR 97201-4811
United States
DUNS: 623389009
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (503) 725-3875
Business Contact
Phone: (503) 348-0855
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of the most common non viral sexually transmitted infection with million new cases reported annually in the world and million cases in the U S In addition to infections of the urogenital
tract trichomoniasis increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and HIV transmission and increases the incidence and severity of cervical and prostate cancers Only two drugs are FDA approved for the treatment of trichomoniasis the nitro heterocyclic compounds metronidazole Mz and tinidazole Oral dosing leads to clinical and microbiological cure in the majority of cases but treatment failures occur in a significant fraction of patients up to with reports of increasing resistance in the U S High oral Mz or tinidazole doses in combination with topical treatment of the same drug s have been used with success for Mz refractory vaginal trichomoniasis whereas topical Mz treatment alone is only modestly effective and so is not recommended While topical treatment is possible in principle as shown in murine models and would be attractive because low systemic absorption is likely to reduce systemic adverse effects compared to oral formulations current drugs are not sufficiently potent for this preferred
administration route Given the prevalence of trichomoniasis its association with multiple disease outcomes and the increase in drug resistant strains as well as the potential for more resistance development of new antimicrobials against trichomoniasis is an urgent need Our preliminary studies of andgt newly synthesized nitro compounds provide compelling evidence that novel nitro drugs can be developed with marked improvements in potency and the ability to completely overcome existing drug resistance Such andquot next generationandquot nitro drugs have the distinct advantage that this antimicrobial class contrary to any other compound class is already established to be effective and safe against trichomoniasis The increased potency of our novel compounds should allow development of a topical treatment Therefore the project has the overall objective to develop a new lead nitro compound for the topical treatment of Mz sensitive and Mz resistant trichomoniasis Based on our prior data we have selected several of the most promising structural domains and will now perform focused structural explorations within these domains The new derivatives will be tested for activity and potency against Mz sensitive and Mz resistant T vaginalis in vitro for cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in mammalian cells in vitro
and for efficacy in a murine model of vaginal trichomoniasis in vivo The comprehensive bioactivity and toxicity data to be generated in this project will be used to select two non toxic compounds with the best combination of high potency and ability to overcome resistance in vitro and good efficacy in vivo as lead and back up for subsequent preclinical development of a novel high potency compound for the topical treatment of trichomoniasis in phase II of the project

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of the most common non viral sexually transmitted infection in the U S and worldwide Only two drugs metronidazole and tinidazole are currently FDA approved for the oral treatment of trichomoniasis but treatment failures and resistance occur in up to of cases and no topical treatment is effective without concurrent systemic therapy Supported by extensive preliminary work on potential new drugs the proposed project will develop the most potent candidates as novel high potency lead compounds for the topical treatment of trichomoniasis

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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