You are here

Monitored Breathing Awareness Therapy for Insomnia Disorder in Older Adults

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R42AG049524-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R42AG049524
Amount: $186,895.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIA
Solicitation Number: PA15-270
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-05-15
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2017-04-30
Small Business Information
Maple Grove, MN 55369-5457
United States
DUNS: 927303412
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (215) 349-5938
Business Contact
Phone: (763) 515-5353
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Insomnia of sufficient clinical severity to meet diagnostic criteria is present in approximately of older adults nearly million individuals n the US alone If left untreated it can lead to increased rates of depression cognitive impairment and cardiovascular disease Treatment relies on pharmacotherapy such as sedative hypnotic therapy which is associated with an increased risk of falls accidents and delirium cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia CBT I which is effective but can take up to
eight weeks or more and is limited by a paucity of trained providers and over the counter medications many of which contain diphenhydramine a medication that is on the Beers Criteria for Potential Inappropriate Medications in Older Adults There is clearly a pressing need to develop solutions that can treat insomnia in older adults Preliminary research conducted at the University of Pennsylvania suggests that a mobile device treatment based on core elements of CBT I and mindfulness especially thought redirection and disengagement can significantly improve insomnia symptoms in up to of patients compared to in the control arm Innovative aspects of this approach include the use of a physical task that of finger tapping timed to the breathing cycle to serve as an anchoring re orienting task and the ability to monitor in real time patient adherence by wirelessly transmitting to a central database a time stamped record of all taps The straightforward nature of this intervention allows for rapid training with treatment benefits seen in as little as weeks The overall goals of this fast track STTR are to develop and test this non pharmacological low risk treatment for insomnia in older adults Specific aims are Phase I Refining the application interface through structured interviews with patients and health care providers development of educational material for patients to access at home integration with accelerometer data and a pilot clinical study in study participants Phase II Further refining the educational material create interpretive risk classification algorithms to automatically flag non adherence and non responders for early intervention and a large randomized controlled trial of subjects to confirm efficacy The primary hypotheses are that a mobile device implementation of this monitored breathing awareness therapy with an anchoring task MBAT can be used by andgt of older adults and that it will lead to statistically and clinically significant improvements in insomnia within two weeks Advanced Medical Electronics has years of biomedical development experience and academic partners Gooneratne Benzo have expertise in sleep medicine geriatrics mindfulness therapy and clinical trials in older adults If successful this project will provide patients and health care providers with the first low risk low cost treatment option for insomnia
that can be readily implemented in older adults It has the potential to fundamentally change how insomnia is treated thereby reducing the risks of untreated insomnia and avoiding the multifarious side effects of pharmacologic treatment such as with sedative hypnotics

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Insomnia can be a chronic problem for many older adults that leads to significant daytime fatigue stress and numerous negative health consequences including depression Advanced Medical Electronics in partnership with researchers are the University of Pennsylvania and the Mayo Clinic propose developing an innovative non drug low risk treatment that can be implemented on mobile devices for the treatment of insomnia in older adults

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government