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In vitro human model for individualized response to CFTR modulators

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41HL130207-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41HL130207
Amount: $339,094.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NHLBI
Solicitation Number: HL15-026
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-09-06
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-08-31
Small Business Information
Malvern, PA 19355-1308
United States
DUNS: 190641816
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (205) 934-5266
Business Contact
Phone: (484) 328-1724
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant The approval of the cystic fibrosis CF drug invocator for patients with the G D mutation validates CFTR modulators for improving clinical outcomes in CF For most CF patients with F del and other mutations however multi drug combination therapy will likely be necessary and sensitive biomarkers of augmented CFTR function in response to various agents will be needed In vivo assays employed to date have not been predictive of efficacy neither do they correlate well with individual patient improvement The proposed project combines two recent advances by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham UAB and the Massachusetts General Hospital MGH to produce a novel in vitro human cell biomarker that will predict CFTR function in individual patients methods which allow primary human epithelial cell cultures of nasal origin HNE to proliferate rapidly and to maintain an airway phenotype and a pioneer imaging technology Micro Optical Coherence Tomography OCT which permits simultaneous and co localized quantification of multiple elements of airway function including mucociliary transport demonstrating reproducible anatomic differences between CF and normal human explants and functionally characterizing in situ fully differentiated primary human bronchial epithelial cells HBE grown in culture OCT can also directly visualize dynamic differences between CF and wild type tissues simultaneously measuring collapsed airway surface liquid ASL height reduced cilia beat frequency CBF delayed mucus transport MCT and increased mucus viscosity Preclinical data indicate primary human airway cell cultures strongly predict ion transport efficacy of CFTR potentiators and correctors on a group wise basis Progenra will work with UAB and MGH to develop and commercialize the novel HNE culture as an in vitro biomarker for CFTR function employing OCT for simultaneous detection of the markers In Phase the validity and utility of combining primary nasal cells with optimized and automated OCT based analysis of the functional microanatomy will be established as a tool to predict efficacy in individual patients It will first be demonstrated that an automated OCT imaging acquisition and analysis system can distinguish the functional microanatomy i e ASL PCL depth CBF MCT and viscosity of normal and CF differentiated HNE It will then be ascertained whether HNE cells from twenty five G D CF subjects enrolled in the GOAL study an open label observational trial of invocator predict therapeutic response to invocator on an individual basis In Phase II the study will be expanded to patients and five different
mutant CFTR genotypes The ultimate commercial goal is to develop an experimental system that faithfully predicts the responses to various CFTR therapies on an individual basis

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Invocator is the first drug approved to treat the cause of cystic fibrosis rather than simply manage its symptoms This drug works in only a small percentage of patients however the majority will likely require combinations of drugs to achieve success A new human cell culture system is being sought to predict how a given patient with a charactistic genetic signature will respond to various drugs and the proposed project aims to develop such a system utilizing novel methods of cell growth and optical imaging so that each cystic fibrosis patientandapos s cells can be easily analyzed and a treatment protocol developed

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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