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Thermal Management Systems


Focus Area 17: Thermal Management Systems

Participating MD(s): SMD, STMD


All spacecraft, regardless of size or power consumption, must be able to manage the flow of heat and energy. Temperatures must be maintained within design limits, whether those be cryogenic systems for science instruments, or comfortable shirt sleeve operations temperatures for crew missions. NASA seeks components for both active and passive thermal systems that collect heat, transport heat, and reject heat, or insulate components to prevent the flow of heat. These components may be designed to operate in challenging temperature ranges, and must survive mission environments such as launch, space vacuum, or planetary surfaces. They also must be highly efficient and lightweight to minimize use of launch mass and power allocations.

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