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Optical fiber integration into Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag/AgX and (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox superconducting coils

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-SC0015751
Agency Tracking Number: 0000224160
Amount: $150,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 27
Solicitation Number: DE-FOA-0001417
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-06-13
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2017-03-12
Small Business Information
8329 Niayah Way
Raleigh, NC 27612-7419
United States
DUNS: 079649833
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Golsa Naderi
 (512) 981-8292
Business Contact
 Golsa Naderi
Title: Dr.
Phone: (512) 981-8292
Research Institution
 North Carolina State University
911 Partners Way
Raleigh, NC 27695-7907
United States

 (919) 515-0493
 Nonprofit College or University

The particle accelerators and detectors needed for future high energy physics devices require magnetic fields higher than those that can be produced by the low-temperature superconductor (LTS) technologies used in present-day superconducting magnets (SCMs). High temperature superconductor (HTS) materials, however, have the potential to generate very high magnetic fields, offering a technological pathway to next-generation devices. One important technological difference between LTS and HTS magnets is that the normal zone propagation in HTS conductors is 1-2 orders-of-magnitude slower than in LTS conductors. Thus, one of the key limiting factors for the implementation of HTS SCMs is the quench detection challenge. Here we propose a solution to this long-standing problem: a fast and effective quench detection system based on Rayleigh-scattering interrogated optical fibers (RIOFs), enabling the further advancement of HTS SCMs for high energy physics applications. Research at North Carolina State University (NCSU), our partner in this STTR proposal, has shown that RIOF has great promise as the primary sensing element in a fast, distributed quench detection system. Optical fibers can be integrated in conductors and cables, allowing a distributed sensor for temperature and strain with extremely high spatial and temporal resolution. Here we propose to expand the RIOF operational window to 4.2 K when integrated into (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox (REBCO) and Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy (Bi2212) SCMs. Note that RIOF integration into Bi2212 coils has an added challenge as compared to REBCO due to the issues associated with the wind & react magnet fabrication and the final high-temperature heat treatment. During Phase I, the quench detection properties of RIOF integrated into REBCO and Bi2212 coils will be characterized at 4.2 K and the viability of RIOF in Bi2212 coils will be assessed. In Phase II we will focus on scale-up into larger REBCO and Bi2212 coils that are meaningful to the high energy physics community, including consideration of HTS cables and Bi2212 coils heat-treated with over-pressure processing. Furthermore, in Phase II, the possibility of using RIOF as a heat treatment monitor in Bi2212 coils will be investigated, along with any other scale-up issues emerging from Phase I. Key Words: Optical fiber sensors, superconducting magnets, quench detection

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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