You are here

Experimental analysis and model development of pyrolysis/combustion of coal/biomass in a bench scale spouted bed reactor

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-SC0015113
Agency Tracking Number: 221203
Amount: $149,935.18
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 15a
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-03-03
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-11-16
Small Business Information
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473-3106
United States
DUNS: 178154456
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Benjamin Baird
 (203) 287-3700
Business Contact
 Amit Kumar
Title: Mr.
Phone: (203) 287-3700
Research Institution
 University of Connecticut
 M Bollas
191 Auditorium Road Unit 3222
Storrs, CT 06269-3222
United States

 (860) 486-4602
 Nonprofit College or University

There is widespread concern regarding carbon emissions from fossil fuels, resulting in a drive towards improved efficiency in reactor (boiler) performance while reducing carbon emissions. Coal will continue to be a primary source of energy for economic growth for the foreseeable future, thus there is a push to reduce net carbon emissions of coal operated plants by replacing part of the coal with biomass sources. In order to reduce efforts in developing co-fed coal/biomass combustors, a strong design modelling capability must be developed. The overall goal of the proposed research is to develop a robust physics based model of a spouted bed reactor operating with coal/biomass mixtures that can be used to size and develop industrial-scale coal/biomass combustion systems. Development and validation of a physics-based computational model of a spouted bed with design- predictive capability with the use of coal and biomass mixtures will provide a powerful tool to mitigate the challenges associated with co-fired boilers (e.g. fuel segregation leading to poor combustion) and GHG emissions. In order to reduce the production of greenhouse gases, there is a push towards mixing of traditional fossil fuels with carbon neutral biomass sources. This program will accelerate this process of carbon emission reductions by producing a robust, physics-based analytical tool for advanced combustor designs.

Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: The benefit for commercial applications and the public will come from reduced development time and money required to design spouted bed reactors for coal and biomass, easing and speeding the development of a potentially attractive approach to further reduce net emissions from coal plants. The proposal helps in advancing U.S. and DOE missions of energy efficiency, energy independence, and mitigation of climate change.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government