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Infection Site Targeted Antitoxin Antibody (ISTAb) against Bacillus anthracis

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41AI122666-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41AI122666
Amount: $594,931.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: r
Solicitation Number: PA15-270
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-02-15
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-01-31
Small Business Information
Gaithersburg, MD 20878-1757
United States
DUNS: 601000750
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (917) 685-0919
Business Contact
Phone: (301) 644-3910
Research Institution
COLLEGE PARK, MD 20742-5141
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Project Summary
The Gram positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis is a very strong candidate for potential bioweaponizationand
believed to have actually been weaponized by the former Soviet UnionAnthrax spores are readily found in
nature or produced in the laboratoryare resistant to harsh conditionsand can survive for a long time in the
environmentThe microscopic spores could be formulated in powder formspraysfoodor waterTwo key toxins
generated by combination of the protective antigenPAwith either lethal factorLFor edema factorEFplay
a critical role in Banthracis virulenceCurrent CDC recommendations following potential exposure to
aerosolized Banthracis spores consist of a combination of oral antibiotics and PA based anthrax vaccineHoweverin practicethese treatments cannot adequately address the adverse effects of bacterial toxins
released post exposureIn this Rproposal we intend to develop a novel approach to target neutralizing antitoxin antibodies specifically to the site of infectionThe approach exploits the cell wall targeting domainsCWTof well characterized phage endolysinsPlyGPlyL and PlyB which bind with species specificity and high affinity
to cell wall components of BanthracisTheses CWTs will be fused to specific antitoxin neutralizing monoclonal
antibodies to generate Infection Site Targeted Antitoxin antibodiesISTAbsISTAbs are expected to
accumulate at the site of infection where they are needed mostand capture and sequester the toxinsthus
immediately neutralizing the effects of the toxins and preventing their release into circulationBacterium toxin
complex is then expected to be cleared by phagocytesIn this proposalwe will use three anthrax PA neutralizing
monoclonal antibodies fused to high affinity phage endolysin CWTs to generate ISTAbsIn Aimwe will screen
for best binding CWTs from ten phage endolysinsincluding those from PlyGPlyLand PlyBWe will
characterize them based on in vivo and in vitro bindingIn Aimbased on Aimresultswe will selectCWTs
for generating up to nine ISTAbs by fusing the CWTs with three highly neutralizing anti Anthrax monoclonal
antibody as scaffold and characterize them for in vitro binding and toxin neutralizing activityIn Aimwe will
further characterize the selected ISTAbs based on stabilitybacterial cell binding specificity and affinityand
performance in opsonophagocytic killing assaysIn Aimwe will perform efficacy testing in pre challenge and
post challenge treatment mouse models and also explore potential immunogenicity of the ISTAbsSince ISTAb technology provides two therapeutic advantagesimmediate toxin neutralization at the site of
infection and opsonophagocytic killing by phagocytethere is a high probability that these molecules will
synergize with existing antibioticsThe combination of immediate toxin clearancephagocytic killingand
concurrent use of antibiotics is expected to create synergy and yield a treatment that is far superior to the current
standard of vaccine plus antibioticsFurthermorethis technology can be applied to a variety of other bacterial
pathogens where toxins play a key role in pathogenesisOverallthis approach has board application as a
platform technology across multiple pathogens

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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