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Making Standing Balance The Fifth Vital Sign in Clinical Settings

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R42AG062065-01
Agency Tracking Number: R42AG062065
Amount: $275,801.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIA
Solicitation Number: PA18-576
Solicitation Year: 2018
Award Year: 2018
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2018-09-30
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-08-31
Small Business Information
Columbus, OH 43229-1047
United States
DUNS: 619142540
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (614) 543-1129
Business Contact
Phone: (614) 543-1129
Research Institution
COLUMBUS, OH 43210-1016
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Falls are a significant source of early morbidity and mortality in the aging populationyet the neurologicalsensoryand motor changes that lead to increased fall risk often escape early identification and interventionVital
signs are commonly used in clinical settings to assess the cardiovascular systemblood pressureheart rateimmune systembody temperatureand the respiratory systemrespiratory rateto establish baseline values
when initiating carescreen for increased risk of co morbidities or diseasesand allow for identification and communication of changes from baseline between health care professionals across time and locationsNo similar
vital sign exists for assessing the balance systemwhich draws upon neurologicalsensory and motor functionsThereforethere is an urgent need for a balance vital sign in order to proactively catch declining balance health
before an individual fallsIdeallythis test must be inexpensiveconsistentobjectiveeasy to adoptand proven
sensitive and specific with regard to identifying an individual patient s risk of fallingGiven these design considerations and a growing evidence basequantitative postural control measurementqPCMstands out as the
most viable candidate to serve as a standardized vital sign for balance healthOur long term goal is the implementation of qPCM as a vital sign in primary care and other clinical settings to track balance health among
individual patients over time and across clinical locationsPhase I SegmentAimDesign an inexpensiveeasy to use qPCM tool suitable for use by physiciansadvanced practice providersand medical assistants in
busy clinic settingsusing theoretical frameworks for usability and implementation science to inform formative
evaluation and stakeholder engagementMilestoneCompleted prototype of qPCM device and implementation
toolkit that achieves high initial acceptance from end users and is ready to produce for efficacy testingPhase II
SegmentAimAssess the initial efficacy of qPCM to better identify patients with a significant decline in
balance relative to the standard history and physical exam in the clinical settingUsing a randomized controlled
design with randomization by clinic to receive the qPCM tool or use standard of caretest the hypotheses thataproviders will perceive that it influences their clinical decision making processandbproviders are more
likely to recommend further evaluation or treatment for a balance deficit or fall risk when using the qPCM system
than without itThe contribution of the proposed project is expected to be quantitative postural control assessment and an implementation toolkit to align with workflow in the clinical environmentThis contribution will be
significant because every patient could receive objectivequantitative postural control assessment at every office
visitOur proposed research is innovative because it uses a stakeholder centered approach to create an evidence based assessment suitable of becoming avital signin the clinical setting and the requisite implementation toolkit to facilitate adoption and uptake of the assessmentWe also propose innovative methods to determine
whether the assessment influences clinical decision making in practice The proposed research is relevant to public health because it would result in a balance vital sign to enable clinical
providers to more proactively make informed decisions about patient care to prevent debilitating falls and the
morbidity and mortality that followSuch a vital sign would support the National Institute of Aging s Strategic
GoalsAUnderstand the sensory and motor changes associated with aging and how they lead to decreased
functionandCDevelop improved approaches for the early detection and diagnosis of disabling illnesses
and age related debilitating conditions

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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