You are here

Developing novel combination therapies for HSV genital infection.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41AI134187-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41AI134187
Amount: $223,895.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PA17-303
Solicitation Year: 2017
Award Year: 2018
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2018-03-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2020-02-29
Small Business Information
Winchester, MA 01890-3655
United States
DUNS: 080163086
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (781) 606-2720
Business Contact
Phone: (781) 606-2720
Research Institution
SAINT LOUIS, MO 63103-2006
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Herpes simplex virusesandHSVHSVcause a wide range of serious diseasesincluding oral genital
lesionscorneal blindness and eczema herpeticumHSVand HSVare both transmitted sexually and can
infect babies during birthTherapy for HSV relies primarily on nucleoside analogs such as acyclovirACVwhich
are insufficiently effectiveand resistant viruses are becoming common among immunosuppressed personsThereforethere is an urgent need for better anti herpesvirus drugsThe nucleotidyl transferase superfamilyNTSof enzymes comprises a range of nucleases and
recombinases that are essential for DNA replicationrecombinationand nucleic acid turnoverOur screening
program to identify inhibitors of HSV replication demonstrated profound activity in vitro by two NTS enzyme
inhibitorsciclopirox and piroctonewhich are approved drugs for other indicationsThese two drugs also
suppress replication of ACV resistant HSV strainsIn this STTR projectwe will execute a program to translate the observed anti HSV in vitro of these two
select drug candidates into topical application in an animal model of HSVdiseaseAdditionallythe potent
action of these drug candidates in vitro will be examined in combination with ACV to evaluate synergyAimExecute a proof of concept in vivo demonstration of the anti HSV activity of formulated
drug candidates for topical application in a mouse model of HSVinfectionWe anticipate topical
treatment with formulated ciclopirox and piroctone will suppress HSVreplication in the genital tract and the
nervous systemand reduce genital disease and weight loss without inducing unacceptable toxicityThe
experiments will yield critical preliminary data about the effectiveness of topical treatment with these drugs for
suppression of HSVreplication and diseaseand a guide for the effective doseDemonstration that either or
both of these formulated drug candidates reduces HSVreplication and spread in vivo would strongly support
development of these NTS enzyme inhibitors as drugs for herpesvirus infectionsAimEvaluate the potential for synergy and toxicity between ciclopirox and or piroctone and
acyclovir in vitroWe have strong data indicating ACV and ciclopirox and piroctone have different mechanisms
of actionand preliminary data showing in vitro synergy between ciclopirox and ACVThereforewe anticipate
synergism will be confirmed in vitro for either or both of the select drug candidates and ACVSignificant ImpactNew therapies are urgently needed for patients who suffer from recurrent outbreaks of
HSVand especially immunocompromised individuals infected with nucleoside analog resistant strainsThis
project will translate in vitro results into an animal model of disease and explore synergy of drug combination sThe goal is to guide development of new therapeutic drug candidate sfor treatment of herpes virus infectionsincluding HSVas monotherapies or in synergistic combination with existing drugs Herpes simplex virusesHSVHSVcause a wide range of serious human diseases but current treatment
with nucleoside analog drugs such as acyclovirACVis insufficiently effectiveand resistant viruses are
prevalentWe recently identified two known drugs which profoundly suppress HSV replication in cell cultureIn
this proposal we plan to translate these in vitro findings by using formulated drug candidates to suppress HSV
infection in a mouse model of HSVinfection and diseaseand to explore synergism in vitro between these
drug candidates and ACV

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government