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Tissue Oxygenation in Small Retinal Vessels

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41EY028499-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41EY028499
Amount: $223,898.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: W
Solicitation Number: PA17-303
Solicitation Year: 2017
Award Year: 2018
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2018-09-30
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-09-29
Small Business Information
Bloomington, IN 47403-8725
United States
DUNS: 790550797
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: Yes
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (812) 856-1500
Business Contact
Phone: (812) 822-2048
Research Institution
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Recentlywe found extensive remodeling of the microvasculature of the retinaoccurring in some diabetic
patients much earlier than expectedThis provides the potential for novel biomarkers to improve classification
of patients for management and cost effective testing of therapiesHoweverthe equipment is too expensive
for most clinics and small practicesThese early retinal microvascular changes cannot be seen with routine
clinical examination or traditional imaging devicesWe propose to reduce the cost and improve ease of use of
this technology to allow widespread detection of retinal microvascular changes as biomarkersPart of the high
cost of these devices is the adaptive opticsAOsubsystemwhich includes one or more deformable mirrors to
compensate for the aberrations of the optics of the human eyeThe contrast of retinal images is further
improved by scanning the illumination and using confocal detection aperturesBy designing a simpler AO
imager with only sufficient resolution to provide improved visibility of small vessel lesionsa wider field of viewmore compact layoutand greater ease of use can be realized with less challenging optical performance
parametersTo provide a clinically useful tool for examination of the retinal microvascular lesions in diabetes
and other retinal vascular diseasesalong with improving information about oxygen in the retinawe proposeAimsIn Aimwe will optimize adaptive optics digital light ophthalmoscopeAO DLOfor high contrastpseudo color video imaging of the human retina at high magnification to improve detection of microvascular
lesions and quantification of the relative absorption of arterioles and venulesThedeg AO field of view on a
high contrast NIR wide field image will ease the burden of localizing features or montaging AO images taken
sequentiallywith an acceptable trade off in maximum imaging resolutionThe AO DLO will acquire
monochrome images ofcontrolsusing alternating red and yellow LED illumination wavelengths that match
those used in oximetryThis provides high contrast pseudo color retinal imaginggood retinal penetration for
dark eyesand strong absorption signals from blood bandsIn Aimwe will use the AO DLO to image the
retinal microvasculature incontrols anddiabetic patients with less than severe non proliferative
retinopathyWe will perform parametric studies of aperture size and positionand focal planeto optimize the
reproducibility of the measurements of the relative absorption invisible wavelength bands in with the AODLOThese manipulationsalong with an exercise regimewill provide information about oxygen extraction in
arterioles and venules for capillary networksIn Aimwe will image the same subjects with the high resolution
Indiana AO SLOBurnsexamining vessel walls and lumenthen re assess placement of oximetry data
samples and recompute optical density ratiosThis project offers the potential to move high quality adaptive
optics retinal imaging into use with more patientsimproving the classification of diabetic eyes for management
and evaluating therapies Project Narrative
Recentlywe found extensive remodeling of the microvasculature of the retinaoccurring in some patients
much earlier than expectedThese novel biomarkers are seen in diabetic retinas using adaptive optics
equipment that is too expensive for most clinics and small practicesproviding a barrier for use in typical
clinical examinationWe propose to reduce the cost and improve ease of use of this technology to allow
widespread detection of microvascular changes and quantification of retinal oxygen as biomarkers

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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