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Battle Management (BM) for Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)


TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Info Systems, Battlespace 

OBJECTIVE: Develop innovative techniques for BM extension into IAMD. 

DESCRIPTION: This topic seeks innovative BM techniques to provide robustness and flexibility for managing future IAMD threats. As the battle management paradigm, scope, and threats increase there is a need for greater coordination, intelligent control, and flexibility. IAMD presents new opportunities for dynamically engaging missile threats in the presence of air defense forces, balancing the need to strike fast with the requirement to protect, and leverage lower tier blue forces. Consequence management will be important to consider as shoot opportunities become available – ensuring the warfighter knows the risks as well as necessity for striking at a given time. Managing sensors and weapons across tiers, maintaining battle control, and providing optimal handover to weapon systems is essential. Battle management can be pre-scripted for well understood engagements, but complex scenes will require a more comprehensive analysis. The current system informs commanders across combatant commands about threats potentially crossing multiple command areas, and about sensors and weapons in multiple command areas. Moving to the next generation air and missile defense, this structure becomes yet more complex adding a horizontal layer under partitioned command areas. The ability to close the fire control loop with off board sensors is a critical challenge. Novel techniques developed under this task should accommodate multiple areas of air defense operation. Specific areas of interest include techniques to determine when a scripted plan is adequate for the engagement, based on the developing battle, and that can also dynamically adapt when needed. Priorities for sensor tasking and timelines for weapon cueing should be defined as well as other critical information that supports warfighter actions. 

PHASE I: Develop and demonstrate a methodology for IAMD that accommodates multiple sensors, tiers, and Areas of Responsibility (AORs) to address advancing threats. The basic architecture should be modular in design to facilitate maintenance, upgrades, and scalability for future sensors and defensive capabilities. 

PHASE II: Refine and update concept(s) based on Phase I results, and demonstrate the impacts of raid scenarios on stressing tasking environments. Demonstrate the Battle Management scheme can accommodate multiple launches and maintain track while transiting various Combatant Commander AORs. If desired by the developer, the government may choose to provide a government testbed at no cost if the developer wishes to utilize the facility for high fidelity testing. 

PHASE III: Demonstrate the new technologies via operation as part of a complete system or operation in a system-level test bed to allow for testing and evaluation in realistic scenarios. Market technologies developed under this topic to relevant missile defense elements directly, or transition them through vendors. 






KEYWORDS: Integrated Air And Missile Defense, Missile Defense System, Battle Management 

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