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Photo-mediated ultrasound therapy for treatment of cutaneous vascular malformations

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41EB030875-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41EB030875
Amount: $325,355.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIBIB
Solicitation Number: PA19-270
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2019
Award Year: 2020
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2020-09-30
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2021-09-29
Small Business Information
600 S WAGNER RD STE 181
Ann Arbor, MI 48103-9002
United States
DUNS: 116977631
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 XUEDING WANG
 (734) 647-2728
 xdwang@umich.edu
Business Contact
 XINMAI YANG
Phone: (785) 330-3243
Email: photosonox@gmail.com
Research Institution
 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN AT ANN ARBOR
 
3003 SOUTH STATE STREET
ANN ARBOR, MI 48109-1276
United States

 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract

ABSTRACT:
Cutaneous vascular malformations (CVM), such as port wine stain (PWS) which occurs in 0.3–0.5% of newborns,
are often a cause of great concern to patients for both medical and cosmetic reasons. Laser irradiation with
flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye lasers, i.e. photothermolysis therapy (PTT), is currently the gold standard
treatment for PWS. Most patients with PWS, however, fail to clear completely after PTT. Photodynamic therapy
(PDT) offers an alternative method for treatment of PWS. PDT requires the systemic injection of photosensitizers,
which necessitates the avoidance of sun exposure for up to a week after treatment, time-dependent infusion,
and systemic side-effects with suboptimal treatment effect. Therefore, there is a strong clinical need for
alternative and better treatment methods for PWS and other CVM. We have recently invented a novel, effective,
and highly-selective anti-vascular therapy technique, termed Photo-mediated Ultrasound Therapy (PUT). PUT
is based on microcavitations in blood vessels produced by synergistically applied laser pulses and ultrasound
bursts. As demonstrated by our preliminary study in the rabbit ear model in vivo, PUT is capable of eliminating
cutaneous vessels without causing unwanted collateral damage to the surround skin tissue, offering a promising
alternative solution for treatment of CVM.
The ultimate goal of this research is to address the long-standing gap in treatment of CVM by developing and
commercializing our recently invented PUT technique. To achieve this goal, the project streamlines to achieve
the technological transition, including the following milestones: (1) to build and verify the Phase I α-prototype in
a chicken comb model, (2) to build and verify the Phase II β-prototype for human subjects, (3) to complete clinical
studies, and (4) to define the regulatory approval pathway with the FDA. In this Phase I research, PhotoSonoX
LLC, via the collaboration with the University of Michigan School of Medicine, will build a clinically ready α-
prototype system, and test its safety and efficacy to pave the road to clinical studies in Phase II.
The central hypothesis is that PUT can precisely remove cutaneous vessels without damaging surrounding skin
tissue. To test this hypothesis, our research will focus on the following specific aims: Aim 1: Develop a clinically
ready α-prototype photoacoustic (PA)-guided PUT system to treat CVM which can be tested in a clinically
relevant chicken comb model in Phase I. Aim 2: Determine the efficacy and safety of PUT for treatment of
cutaneous vessels via the studies in a clinically relevant chicken comb model in vivo.
The outcome will be proof-of-concept that PUT can effectively and safely remove cutaneous vessels. The PUT
system with the laser and ultrasound parameters determined via the studies in the animal model will also provide
a clinical prototype for human studies in Phase II. We expect that the proposed PUT technique has a great
potential to transform our care of patients with PWS and other CVM by facilitating targeted and precise anti-
vascular therapy while reducing the treatment burden and side effects.NARRATIVE:
What proposed here is the development and commercialization of our recently invented anti-vascular technique,
namely photo-mediated ultrasound therapy (PUT), which can treat blood vessels in the skin safely and effectively.
Once its efficacy and safety are validated via the proposed Phase I studies in a clinically relevant animal model
in vivo, this technique will be ready for clinical studies in Phase II. PUT, holding a great potential for quick
translation, could open an entirely new, effective, and selective therapy of vascular malformations such as port
wine stain which occurs in 0.3–0.5% of newborns.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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