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Advanced Multifunctional Battery Separators for Novel Liquid Electrolytes
Phone: (302) 332-9236
Phone: (302) 332-9236
Type: Nonprofit College or University
It’s highly desired to develop safe, sustainable and low-cost battery technology beyond current lithium-ion batteries. However, there is still lack of suitable separators for future new battery chemistries. Some novel liquid electrolytes (such as ionic liquid and aqueous electrolytes) with enhanced safety and low cost features are also delayed to be applied in commercial batteries, due to no compatible separators. In this project, TalosTech LLC and California Institute of Technology developed a new class of separators to fill the market gap and facilitate the development and commercialization of new battery chemistries such as sodium-ion batteries with novel liquid electrolytes. Our novel separators are tailor-made by an innovative tape-freeze casting technology, with the features of vertically aligned pore structure, which has excellent wettability with various liquid electrolytes and provides a short working-ion transportation path for high ionic conductivity. In Phase I, we demonstrated the technical feasibility to use the laboratory-scale freeze casting process to make such kind of tunable separators. The developed separators showed much better wettability and ionic transport properties than commercial polyolefin-type separators, and delivered excellent cell performance for sodium ion batteries in both cyclic carbonate and ionic liquid electrolytes. In Phase II, we will optimize the freeze casting technology with deep understanding of the process parameters, develop separator prototypes for sodium ion batteries in various liquid electrolytes, and scale up the technology to a roll-to-roll continuous production process. Upon the success of this project, we will partner with large material companies and battery separator manufacturers to commercialize this technology, promoting the development and commercialization of more safe and sustainable battery technologies.
* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *