You are here

Enabling Realistic HAZMAT Training Simulations with the PerSim® Augmented Reality Patient Simulator: Phase II

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44ES030578-02
Agency Tracking Number: R44ES030578
Amount: $389,772.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: R
Solicitation Number: ES20-012
Solicitation Year: 2020
Award Year: 2021
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2021-05-15
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2023-04-30
Small Business Information
San Antonio, TX 78258-4423
United States
DUNS: 080668081
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (210) 452-2771
Business Contact
Phone: (210) 960-0930
Research Institution

Significance: Although patient simulators have demonstrated improved learning outcomes in
medical training, there is a significant lack of realism. Thus, they do not effectively provoke a
realistic emotional response in trainees. This significantly limits their educational value to the
emergency medical service (EMS) training agencies, as does – in the case of mannequins – their
cost, reliance on electricity, and lack of portability. To address these significant limitations of the
current medical patient simulators, the PI has developed PerSimTM, a patient simulator using
augmented reality (AR) and currently a product offered by the PI's company. However, additional
research and development in is needed to effectively support HAZMAT training scenarios. To
further increase realism and utility for HAZMAT, the PIs have identified the following needs:
1)Define skin injury over specific body locations, which currently are only full body and 2)the
movement of exposed casualties , through decontamination and stabilization. Commercial Need:
Based on interviews with individuals at training agencies within EMS agencies, HAZMAT training
scenarios would be of significant value. Since being released in 4th quarter 2017, there are more
than 25 sites that have purchased multiple PerSim® systems for ~$20-30K each and are using
the systems for EMS training, each effectively training over 100 trainees per year. Moreover, the
PI has a joint marketing agreement with Microsoft, which boosts the company’s marketing efforts.
Preliminary Data: The PI has developed PerSim® an AR-based patient simulator. Via the
Microsoft HoloLens 2 AR display, the system projects high-resolution, realistic animations of a
patient onto any surface a trainee chooses, such as low-fidelity mannequin as a physical
reference for haptic input during procedures. The instructor uses a handheld tablet as both a
controller for the simulation and an automated assessment system to track trainee performance.
The system utilizes another tablet to act as a ventilator, IV Pump, defibrillator and a physiologic
monitor to provide real-time vital sign and heart rhythm data. The system’s control interfaces, and
registration algorithms are patented. Specific Aims: This project proposes to expand upon
HAZMAT content developed in SBIR Phase I in the PI's innovative AR-based patient simulator,
PerSim®. Specific Aim 1: Increase the customizability of HAZMAT burn and skin exposure
scenarios for PerSim®; Specific Aim 2: Develop HAZMAT zones for scene control training in
PerSim®; Specific Aim 3: Develop evacuation of non-ambulatory virtual patients in PerSim®;
Specific Aim 4: Evaluation of Realism and Usability of PerSim® HAZMAT through user studies
with HAZMAT experts and novices as participants.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government