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A two-dimensional antiscatter grid for dental cone beam computed tomography

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41DE030039-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41DE030039
Amount: $196,573.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIDCR
Solicitation Number: PA19-021
Solicitation Year: 2019
Award Year: 2021
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2021-09-21
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2022-09-21
Small Business Information
Denver, CO 80238-3490
United States
DUNS: 117325652
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Yes
Principal Investigator
 (720) 848-0098
Business Contact
Phone: (832) 755-9304
Research Institution
AURORA, CO 80045-2570
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Project summary
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a commonly used 3D x-ray imaging modality in dental and
craniofacial imaging. While CBCT is primarily employed in evaluating bony anatomy in 3D, soft tissues are often
poorly visualized in dental CBCT images. Moreover, tissue densities cannot be extracted accurately from CBCT
images. The main culprit behind this problem is scattered radiation. Scattered x-rays emanating from the patient
are registered by the x-ray sensor, severely degrading the fidelity of image signals.
Thus, in this project, we propose a novel two-dimensional antiscatter grid (2D grid) to substantially improve the
dental CBCT image quality. Our proposed 2D grid will attenuate scattered x-rays effectively, while transmitting
primary, or useful, x-rays to the image sensor. Once successfully implemented, our 2D grid will provide
significantly improved soft tissue visualization, accurate bone density measurement, and will reduce image
artifacts. Alternatively, our 2D grid can reduce imaging radiation dose while providing comparable contrast-to-
noise ratio with respect to current dental CBCT images.
To implement our proposed 2D grid technology, (1) we will investigate the optimal physical characteristics of 2D
grids to achieve effective scatter suppression and high primary transmission. (2) We will evaluate the
improvement in CBCT image quality provided by 2D grid in phantom imaging experiments.Project narrative
While cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is the most commonly used 3D imaging modality in dentistry,
its utilization is hampered by its poor image quality. The main culprit behind this problem is the high intensity of
scattered radiation inherent to CBCT systems. In this project, we propose a novel device and associated data
correction methods to suppress scattered radiation, and improve image quality in dental CBCT.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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