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Large Format Emergency Power Batteries for Minuteman III ICBM


OUSD (R&E) CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Renewable Energy Generation and Storage The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts 730-774, which controls dual use items. Applicants must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with the Announcement. Applicants are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this effort is to develop safer high power, large format Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid, or Nickel Zinc Battery for the Minuteman III ICBM. DESCRIPTION: Rechargeable Lithium Ion batteries can fail violently when subjected to an internal electrical short, are overheated, crushed, or when they are overcharged/over-discharged. Lithium Ion battery fires demonstrate that the safety of Lithium Ion batteries is of major concern. Hazards are amplified by batteries and personnel operating together in confined spaces. Of particular interest are improvements in safety for large-format Lithium Ion batteries by eliminating cell-to-cell thermal transport and cell failure propagation. Safe containment of flames and debris during any possible thermal runaway event is paramount to the usefulness of the battery. Containment would prevent damage to surrounding equipment and personnel outside the battery case. Valve Regulated Lead Acid or Nickel Zinc Batteries are also of interest, as they require very little maintenance and have long life. Interest would be given to solutions that are resistant to long storage and operation in the Launch Facility and Launch Control Center for the Minuteman III ICBM environments. These batteries will demonstrate improved safety under various abuse/extreme conditions while providing low impedance electrical performance. Innovation in this topic should place an emphasis on reducing the acquisition cost to levels competitive with existing Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid, and Nickel Zinc batteries in terms of acquisition and life cycle. In addition, this topic should place emphasis on the ability to develop and integrate prototypes for field experiments and/or tests in a simulated environment for the Launch Facility and Launch Control Center, at a minimum. The results of this effort are proof of technological feasibility and assessment of subsystem and component operability and producibility. The Technology Readiness Level of this Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid or Nickel Zinc Battery technology should begin at 5 or higher. At the conclusion of this effort, this Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid or Nickel Zinc Battery technology should lead to subsequent development or procurement phases, or at a minimum have the goal of moving out of Science and Technology (S&T) and into the acquisition process within the future years defense program (FYDP). PHASE I: This is a D2P2 topic., and as such, there will be no Phase I awards. "Phase I-type" feasibility documentation should be provided that either demonstrates reliable and repeatable manufacturing of a Lithium Ion that does not have cell-to-cell propagation of a cell failure, demonstrates functioning Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries, or demonstrates functioning Nickel Zinc Batteries. Present experimental and other data to demonstrate feasibility of proposed solution. PHASE II: Produce an alternative, safer battery using Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid, or Nickel Zinc Technology that conforms to the developed configuration for Air Force on demand power application. Ensure the battery can meet required size and will mechanically and electrically be compatible with the target application. Provide cost projection data substantiating the design, performance, operational range, acquisition, and life cycle cost. Refine transition plan and business case analysis. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Phase III efforts will focus on demonstration of large volume manufacturability of Lithium Ion, Valve Regulated Lead Acid, or Nickel Zinc Battery Chemistries, associated battery capacity, and performance goals. If successful, further work could include transitioning the proven and developed technology to the MMIII Missile system. Commercial applications include hybrid and electric vehicles. Military applications include aircraft emergency and pulse power, electric tracked vehicles, unmanned systems, hybrid military vehicles, and unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). The information and materials provided pursuant to or resulting from this topic are restricted under the ITAR, 22 C.F.R. Parts 120 - 130 or the EAR, 15 C.F.R. Parts 710 - 774. REFERENCES: 1. 1. Kim, G.H., Smith, K., Ireland, J., and Pesaran, A., "Fail-safe design for large capacity lithium-ion battery systems," J. Power Sources, Vol. 210 (2012) pp. 243-253. 2. Bandauer, T.M., Garimella, S., and Fuller, T.F., "A Critical Review of Thermal Issues in Lithium-Ion Batteries," J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 158 (2011) R1-R25. 3. Jacoby, M., "Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries," Chemical & Engineering News, Vol. 91 (2013) pp. 33-37 KEYWORDS: Lead Acid Battery; Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery; Large Format Lithium Ion Battery; Nickel Zinc Battery; Safety; Thermal; Failure; Propagation; Rechargeable
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