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The First Non-Surgical Anti-Stomal Prolapse Medical Device to Treat and Prevent Stomal Prolapse

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41DK131651-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41DK131651
Amount: $256,579.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 300
Solicitation Number: PA21-262
Solicitation Year: 2021
Award Year: 2022
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2022-04-14
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2023-03-31
Small Business Information
Lafayette, CA 94549-4916
United States
DUNS: 097296668
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (408) 391-6173
Business Contact
Phone: (925) 708-1263
Research Institution
SAN JOSE, CA 95112-5569
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

Intestinal stomas such as ileostomies and colostomies are openings of the intestinal tract surgically
exteriorized onto the abdominal surface to divert enteric content away from distal cancer, obstruction,
inflammation, and infection 5. In the US alone, about 1.5 million people have stomas14. Prolapse, or protrusion,
of the bowel through the stoma is a common complication that can cause pain, stomal obstruction, bowel
edema, bleeding, stool leakage, and ischemia 12. Stomal prolapse is treated acutely using manual reduction at
the bedside or under general anesthesia but is prone to recur. In emergent cases, such as intestinal ischemia,
a prolapse may require surgical intervention for reduction. The definitive treatment of stomal prolapse is an
operation to revise the stoma and remove additional bowel 10.
We have designed a novel device, the NoLapse, which prevents stomal prolapse non-operatively. The
NoLapse has a semi-flexible silicone ring that is placed inside the intestinal lumen to dampen peristaltic
movement. An accompanying sizing kit helps the user select the correct size. Our human emergency use
case, preliminary benchtop, and cadaveric animal studies have demonstrated the efficacy and functionality of
this system.
The proposed research in this STTR application is designed to accomplish two goals: 1) advance the design
and development of the NoLapse and 2) to begin animal studies to assess the safety and efficacy of the device
in vivo. To develop the product, we will perform user validation and benchtop tests to select the materials,
manufacturing methods, and designs involved in the NoLapse. The product, which includes the NoLapse
device and its sizing kit, will be manufactured in collaboration with an ISO 13485 silicone manufacturer. To test
the product in vivo, we will perform a laparotomy, create an ileostomy in 8 pigs, and record prolapse episodes.
The NoLapse will be inserted on postoperative day 1 in the experimental group (n = 6), while any prolapses
occurring in the control group (n = 2) will be manually reduced. The device will be removed after 24 hours (2
pigs), 1 week (2 pigs), or 2 weeks (2 pigs). After pigs are sacrificed at the 2-week time point, we will perform a
necropsy and evaluate the histopathology to assess pressure necrosis. At the conclusion of the Phase 1 STTR
grant, we will significantly advance the device’s design and development, complete animal studies, and reach
the endpoints that inform product safety and efficacy. After successful completion of this work, we plan to apply
for the Phase 2 STTR grant to further develop the product through human clinical trials and FDA regulatory
and classification guidelines.NARRATIVE andamp; PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE
A common complication for people living with stomas (approximately 1.5 million in the US) is the stomal
prolapse, which often leads to additional emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and surgical procedures.
Development of the Anti-Stomal Prolapse Medical Device will allow for the medical treatment and prevention of
stomal prolapse, decrease the substantial morbidity and costs associated with this complication, and prevent
patients from undergoing unnecessary surgical procedures and frequent emergency room visits. This device
will reduce the overall cost of medical care for patients who have stomas.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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