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Clinical Decision Support System to Optimize Neonatal Nutrition and Growth

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41HD109038-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41HD109038
Amount: $261,158.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NICHD
Solicitation Number: PA21-262
Solicitation Year: 2021
Award Year: 2022
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2022-08-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2023-07-31
Small Business Information
2246 IVY RD, STE 17
Charlottesville, VA 22903-4988
United States
DUNS: 164972296
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (434) 220-0714
Business Contact
Phone: (434) 220-0714
Research Institution
CHICAGO, IL 60611-2991
United States

 Domestic Nonprofit Research Organization

Project Summary/Abstract: Clinical Decision Support System to Optimize Neonatal Nutrition and
Nutrition, defined as energy, macronutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrates), and micronutrients (e.g.,
electrolytes), is a critical feature of care for preterm infants in the neonatal intensive unit (NICU). Inadequate
nutrition is associated with growth and neurodevelopmental impairment, and increased rates of both
retinopathy of prematurity and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Despite the recognized importance of nutrition
and growth, clinicians often fail to deliver the recommended intake with large deficits accruing during
hospitalization. Indeed, 50% of very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight andlt;1500g) infants leave the NICU at a
discharge weight andlt;10th percentile for their corrected, postnatal age. We have determined that the majority of
NICUs affiliated with the Children’s Hospital Neonatal Consortium, a group of US and Canadian children’s
hospitals, lack Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) to calculate nutrition intake. Moreover, of the
institutions with any CDSS to calculate caloric intake received, few could automatically calculate nutrition
intake from both parenteral and enteral sources without additional copying of data. Clinicians need data on
both nutrition and fluid intake to consider the trade-offs associated with various nutrition delivery practices
(e.g., parenteral nutrition, intravenous lipid emulsions, enteral fortification, and central line placement) and
balance judicious fluid management with optimal nutrition delivery. The goal of this project is to develop a novel
growth and nutrition dashboard, and model projected growth based on nutrition intake and physiologic data
from the multiparameter monitor. We hypothesize that presenting real-time, comprehensive nutrition and fluid
intake data from both parenteral and enteral sources alongside growth modelling will improve clinicians’ ability
to deliver high quality neonatal nutrition and achieve optimal growth. Improvements in nutrition are expected
from an enhanced situational awareness of the intake that an infant has already received, the cumulative
intake that an infant will receive from various nutrition practices, and modelling that accounts for heart rate
activity, a surrogate of energy expenditure.Project Narrative: Clinical Decision Support System to Optimize Neonatal Nutrition and Growth
Clinicians are challenged to provide adequate nutrition to preterm and critically ill term infants in a Neonatal
Intensive Care Unit, contributing to growth restriction in the majority of infants with lifelong consequences.
While many of these challenges are physiological, others are systematic and include clinicians’ inability to
adequately assess nutritional intake from combined parenteral and enteral sources, and inability to identify true
growth versus fluid retention, among many other causes. We will develop a novel dashboard that harvests data
from the electronic health record, calculates actual nutrition intake the infant has received and projected
nutrition intake the infant will receive, and models growth using novel algorithms allowing clinicians to improve
nutrition delivery, growth, and outcomes.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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