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High-G Clock Source

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Defense Microelectronics Activity
Contract: HQ072723P0032
Agency Tracking Number: 23-3G1
Amount: $196,820.80
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: DMEA231-002
Solicitation Number: 23.1
Solicitation Year: 2023
Award Year: 2023
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2023-08-22
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2024-02-22
Small Business Information
3259 Progress Dr Ste 166
Orlando, FL 32826-1111
United States
DUNS: 081266985
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Danny Stirtz
 (407) 579-5869
Business Contact
 Lars Weimer
Phone: (407) 965-9679
Research Institution

At the center of most operational systems is TIME. Time enables us to communicate, to synchronize, to control, and to position. An accurate, reliable, low size, weight and power timing source is critical to our esc Aerospace PNT solution NavXTM for accurate and reliable PNT in total GPS denial. However, it is equally critical in a vast number of military and commercial applications. Historically, Ceramic Resonators were low cost, but with a large physical footprint, which were acceptable for large munition HOB sensors. However, as fuzing technology is being applied to smaller munitions, the Ceramic Resonators are too large to accommodate the Size, Weight, Power, and Cost (SWaP-C) requirements, while low cost crystal oscillators cannot meet the high-G rating of fuzing. Current applications show timing sources surviving peak acceleration forces of up to 65 kG for about 100µs, after that the acceleration tails off exponentially. Having a clock source surviving up to 100 kG is desired. The sensitivity of quartz crystal oscillators to acceleration has been well documented. Research on crystal oscillators has resulted in a quartz crystal oscillator that exhibited G-sensitivity (change in frequency resulting in acceleration force) of 2E-9/g. Also, research on different MEMS oscillators have also shown low-G sensitivity. However, this topic requires development to be done on survival shock.  In this project, we propose to develop an integrated micro-scale sized resonator and oscillator solution that can tolerate up to 120 kG force while maintaining high clock accuracy. The resonator design will be carried out using miniaturized quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) architecture with higher tolerance to force and pressure. The oscillator design will be carried out using robust subthreshold analog circuit design technique to reduce the size and power consumption of the oscillator. With this technique we anticipate that the power consumption of the oscillator will be less than 100µW or 0.1mW. Our solution will also include an on-chip oscillator (integrated on a CMOS chip) with temperature variation of 10ppm/oC, that can lock to the reference frequency provided by the QCM oscillator. The on-chip oscillator can provide an optional on-chip clock source during events of high force. Owing to the design being integrated on-chip, it will not vary due to force.​​​​​​​

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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