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Dose Response/Dynamics Ultrasound Mediated BBB Opening

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41NS052989-01
Agency Tracking Number: NS052989
Amount: $99,875.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Timeline
Solicitation Year: N/A
Award Year: 2005
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
Perfusion Technology, Llc. 109 Brooks St
Medford, MA 02155
United States
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 ENNIO CHIOCCA
 (617) 726-3651
 chiocca-1@medctr.osu.edu
Business Contact
Phone: (781) 393-6846
Research Institution
 OHIO STATE UNIV MED CTR
 
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION 1960 KENNY ROAD
COLUMBUS, OH 43210
United States

 Nonprofit College or University
Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A wide range of brain disorders are inaccessible to therapeutic agents because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The BBB prevents most large molecule drugs and gene preparations from entering into brain tissue. A method to safely and reversibly change the permeability of the BBB is therefore needed. Preliminary data show that ultrasound can be used to reversibly increase the permeability of the BBB for large molecules. The proposed research is a step towards developing a device that can deliver therapeutic agents to the brain in a clinical setting. We will use long exposures to low-intensity ultrasound to change the permeability of the blood-brain barrier in a rat model. The first aim of this research is to identify how adjusting the pulse duration of an ultrasound signal can improve delivery of a therapeutic agent across the blood-brain barrier. Passage of an adenoviral vector carrying a reporter gene for lacZ into brain tissue is measured by enzyme histochemistry, PCR, bioluminescence and quantitative RT-PCR. Localization of virus penetration is determined by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence microscopy. The second aim is to identify the time course of the BBB opening. An understanding of when BBB opening occurs during ultrasound application is needed to minimize ultrasound exposure and optimize drug delivery. Application of the virus at different time intervals after initiation of ultrasound exposure and measuring resulting vector concentration allows us to identify the dynamics of the BBB opening process. Public Health Relevance: Many brain diseases are difficult to treat because a barrier around the brain's blood vessels prevents most drugs from entering the brain. We aim to develop a device that will safely and reversibly open this barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain and thereby creating an opportunity to treat diseases like brain cancer, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and others.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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