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Technologies for Subsurface Characterization and Monitoring


New measurement and monitoring tools for interrogating physical, chemical, and biological processes in subsurface environments are important elements of Department of Energy (DOE) research efforts to support the assessment of remediation performance and DOE site stewardship. The purpose of these research efforts is to determine the fate and transport of contaminants generated from past weapons production activities, assess and control processes to
remediate contaminants, and provide for the long-term monitoring of sites.

Grant applications submitted to this topic must describe why and how proposed in situ fieldable technologies will substantially improve the state-of-the-art, include bench and/or field tests to demonstrate the technology, and clearly state the projected dates for likely operational deployment. New or advanced technologies, which can be demonstrated to operate under field conditions with mixed/multiple contaminants and can be deployed in 2-3 years, will receive
selection priority. Claims of relevance to DOE sites, or of commercial potential for proposed technologies, must be supported by endorsements from relevant site managers, market analyses, or the identification of commercial spin-offs. Grant applications that propose incremental improvements to existing technologies are not of interest and will be declined.

For the following subtopics, collaboration with government laboratories or universities, either during or after the SBIR/STTR project, may speed the development and field evaluation of the measurement or monitoring technology. In addition, some of these organizations operate user facilities that may be of value to proposed projects. These facilities include: Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) research sites in Oak Ridge, TN (; Old Rifle, CO (; and Hanford, WA ( At IFRC research sites, scientists can conduct fieldscale
research and obtain DOE-relevant samples of soils, sediments, and ground waters for laboratory research.

The Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory (EMSL) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ( EMSL is a national scientific user facility with state-ofthe-art instrumentation in environmental spectroscopy, high field magnetic resonance, high performance mass spectroscopy, high resolution electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and high performance computing. Grant applications must describe, in the technical approach or work plan, the purpose and specific benefits of any proposed teaming arrangements.

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