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The Nanotechnology subtopic addresses the creation and use of functional materials, devices, and systems with novel properties and functions that are achieved through the control of matter at a submicroscopic scale (from a fraction of nanometer to about 100 nm). Proposals should be market-driven and identify the end users of the proposed technology, and the proposed pathway to commercialization.

N1. Nanomaterials (Cognizant Program Officer: Grace Wang

Material innovations and/or development of novel synthesis, purification, and processing techniques for nanotubes, nanowires, quantum dots, nanoparticles, nanofibers or other nanomaterials.  Refer to the N2 subtopic for innovations related to scale-up manufacturing of existing nanomaterials.

N2. Nanomanufacturing (Cognizant Program Officer: Grace Wang

Innovations for manufacturing at the nanoscale, including self-assembly, nanolithography, nanopatterning, nanotexturing, etc.  Proposals which seek to develop techniques for large-scale production of nanomaterials are encouraged.

N3. Nanoelectronics and Active Nanostructures (Cognizant Program Officer: Ben Schrag

Material innovations to develop new or improved nanoelectronics and active nanostructures. Proposals which utilize the unique properties of nanoscale components and features to enable new functionalities are encouraged.  Nanoelectronics involves material innovations at the nanoscale for applications in electronic or optoelectronic devices, which include but are not limited to silicon-based nanoelectronics, molecular electronics, nanosensors, nanospintronics, and hybrid systems.  Examples of active nanostructures are nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), nanomachines, nanoactuators, and molecular machines. 

N4. Nanotechnology for Biological and Medical Applications (Cognizant Program Officer: Grace Wang

Innovations in nanomaterials for biological and medical applications, including synthesis, functionalization and manufacturing of nanomaterials for targeted cancer therapies, localized drug delivery, imaging, bone regeneration, tissue reengineering etc.  Refer to the BC topic for nanotech-enabled biomaterials.

N5. Instrumentation for Nanotechnology (Cognizant Program Officer: Ben

Innovations for new and improved characterization methods and instruments to assist in the development and deployment of nanotechnology and its commercial applications.  Includes imaging and visualization methods (e.g. scanned probe microscopy and electron microscopy) as well as manipulation techniques (e.g. high-precision positioners and actuators), and chemical and spectroscopic methods.

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