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Surveillance Research Methods


Surveillance systems describe where occupational hazards, injuries, or illnesses are found, how frequently they are found, whether they are increasing or decreasing, and whether prevention efforts have been effective. The public health community relies on surveillance information to set research and prevention priorities, but critical gaps in current systems limit their usefulness. These systems need to be updated and expanded, and new systems and methodologies need to be developed.

A. Develop approaches for implementing comprehensive, integrated national systems utilizing data sources and models of surveillance that exist in the public and private sectors.

B. Formulate methods to assess nationally or locally the impact of intervention efforts on worker safety and health.

C. As restructuring of health care delivery systems occurs throughout the United States, develop linkages among the systems to identify, track, and target occupational safety and health problems and provide information for decisions to develop interventions or to improve related medical care.

D. Investigate hazard surveillance systems as a means of identifying risks and exposures at worksites and industries, including risks associated with prototypes of new technologies, before injuries and illnesses occur.?

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