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Novel Organophosphate Biosensor

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43ES019817-01
Agency Tracking Number: R43ES019817
Amount: $99,750.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIEHS
Solicitation Number: PA10-050
Solicitation Year: 2011
Award Year: 2011
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
IRVINE, CA 92614-
United States
DUNS: 020040486
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (562) 607-5121
Business Contact
Phone: (562) 607-5121
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is the development of a rapid and low cost detection tool, based on novel biosensor receptor elements, to test human urine for organophosphate pesticide exposure - a global publichealth issue. Chronic low dose exposure can result in a variety of neuropathies, increased incidence of leukemia, birth defects and learning disabilities in children. Organophosphates are metabolized in the body and dialkylphosphate metabolites are concentrated in the urine. Current methods of detection are too complex for broad population screening. The specific aims of this project are 1) to identify 2-4 insect chemosensory proteins which bind dialkylphosphates with high affinity and then 2) to identifylower affinity competitor ligands which will facilitate development of a competitive, lateral flow-based assay and then 3) to demonstrate a multiplex lateral flow assay for dialkylphosphates based on insect chemosensory protein receptor elements. To achieve these aims a library of over 100 insect chemosensory proteins will be screened with the 4 most common dialkylphosphates detected in urine using a proprietary plate-based fluorescent assay. Proteins displaying significant binding affinity will then be screened against a combinatorial chemical library to identify lower affinity competitor ligands. At least two of the insect chemosensory proteins and competitor ligands will then be incorporated in a multiplex lateral flow assay in which the presence of dialkylphosphates in the sample will prevent binding of the insect chemosensory protein to the competitor ligand, producing a visible readout within 15 minutes. Insect chemosensory proteins are a large, diverse population which has evolved to be ideal receptorsfor small organic compounds, especially those that are poorly immunogenic and difficult to detect with specificity using current biosensor technology. They are small and readily expressed in high concentration. Both termini are distant from the binding pocket and available for modification, facilitating attachment to solid phases. They display high thermal stability allowing operation of biosensors under harsh physical conditions. Collectively, the structural features, diversity, and versatility of insectchemosensory proteins will facilitate the development of novel biosensors. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Pesticide exposure is a global public health issue. Chronic low dose exposure can result in a variety of neuropathies, increased incidence of leukemia, birth defects and learning disabilities in children. Current monitoring methods are inappropriate for broad population screening so a simple, low cost device for monitoring exposure through urine tests would facilitate more widespread testing and more rapid detection and treatment of exposed individuals.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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