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Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this effort is to develop non-lethal munitions that can be used to remotely pre-detonate IEDs. DESCRIPTION: Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) come in many forms including road side, vehicle borne, human borne, and in structures such as rooms. Of the 24 Army Science and Technology (S & T) Challenges, defeating IEDs includes the following three challenges: Force Protection Soldier and Small Unit, Force Protection On the Move (Ground), and Overburdened Physical Burden. In order to meet these challenges, new methods must be developed for defeating IEDs by the individual soldier, while minimizing the collateral damage to humans. For example, methods for clearing rooms of IEDs without harming personnel in the room provided there are no IEDs present need to be developed. One such munitions is High Power Microwave (HPM) grenades. These are non-lethal grenades that generate an electromagnetic pulse that could be used to defeat the electronics used to activate IEDs or that could be used to attack blasting caps. In order to minimize the impact of added mass, training, etc. on the individual soldier, these munitions should fit into existing form factors such as hand or robot delivered munitions, 40 mm grenades, Rifle Propelled Grenades (RPGs), and Stinger, Hydra, and Javelin missiles. Since HPM may not be the only approach for defeating IEDs, additional innovative approaches are being sought. These munitions can be explosive or non-explosive driven. This topic aligns with the Fires Center's concept for Directed Energy employment. PHASE I: The goal of Phase I is to develop a non-lethal approach for defeating IEDs. This will include defining the major components of the munitions, building a brassboard device, and conducting proof-of-principle experiments in order to validate the approach. As a minimum, the Firm should demonstrate that their approach can demonstrate effects on targets of interest. PHASE II: The objectives of Phase II are to finalize the design of the counter IED munitions, verify its ability to pre-detonate a variety of IEDs through field testing, and address integrating it into currently fielded form factors such as the 40 mm Grenade, RPG, or Javelin missile. The proposing Firm should also start addressing any special manufacturing issues. As a minimum the firm should deliver at least 10 units to the government for independent verification testing at a government test site. PHASE III: The primary use for these munitions would be military and law enforcement. Since IEDs know no boundaries, we have already seen them in use in the US. Therefore, these same non-lethal munitions would benefit the bomb squads of local, state, and federal law enforcement. One specific application that would be of benefit to both the military and law enforcement is room clearing of IEDs to minimize the threat to our soldiers and law enforcement agents and occupants of the building assuming there was no IED present. REFERENCES: [1] L.L. Altgilbers, J. Baird, B. Freeman, C. Lynch, and S. Shkuratov,"Explosive Pulsed Power,"World Scientific Press (2010). [2]"Department of Defense Nonlethal Weapons and Equipment Review: A Research Guide for Civil Law Enforcement and Corrections,"Special Report NCJ 205293, National Institute of Justice,, October 2004. [3]"Non-Lethal Systems,"Project Manager Close Combat Systems, Picatinny Arsenal, [4]"Non-Lethal Weapons (NLW) Reference Book,"Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate,, 2011.
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