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Tribosupplementation of Injured Joints

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R42AR057276-03
Agency Tracking Number: R42AR057276
Amount: $1,075,259.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAMS
Solicitation Number: PA10-149
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2013
Award Year: 2013
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
111 Speen Street, St 303
FRAMINGHAM, MA 01701-2090
United States
DUNS: 807359554
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 GREGORY JAY
 (401) 444-6656
 gjay@lifespan.org
Business Contact
 LINDA QUATTRUCCI
Phone: (401) 639-4225
Email: lquattrucci.rilep@gmail.com
Research Institution
 RHODE ISLAND HOSPITAL
 
593 EDDY STREET
PROVIDENCE, RI 02903-4923
United States

 () -
 Domestic Nonprofit Research Organization
Abstract

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Joint injury is a well established risk factor in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). In particular, patients with meniscal tears are at high risk for early PTOA. Chondroprotection of the joint surface is mediated by lubricin, a large glycoprotien which forms a lubricating nanofilm on the cartilage surface and provides anti-adhesion via steric repulsion. Recent observations indicate that lubricin is both downregulated and catabolized in patients following traumatic joint injuries. This observation, coupled with the rapid joint surface disruption in lubricin null mice, suggest that preserving or restoring the lubricant could play a major role in mitigating the risk of degenerative joint disease in patients with meniscal injuries, either before or after partial meniscectomy. Our Phase 1 studies clearly show that re-introducing lubricin into the anterior cruciate ligament injured rat joint ( tribosupplementation ) slowed PTOA pathogenesis in the peri-injury period following either weekly intra-articular injections or a single dose, escalated injection of recombinant human lubricin. The use of recombinant lubricin for the chondroprotection of the traumatized synovial joint thus could have significant commercial value as a new therapeutic treatment. In Phase II, we propose three interconnecting specific aims based on our well established pre-clinical model of joint injury to determine if tribosupplementation slows the progression of PTOA following partial meniscectomy. In Aim 1, we will determine if the co-administration with hyaluronate is more efficacious than recombinant human lubricin alone in enhancing the chondroprotection in a porcine cartilage bearing. In Aim 2, we will determine if this potentiatingeffect results in a greater reduction in chondrocyte apoptosis, especially in the presence of cartilage which has been degraded by IL-1. In Aim 3, we will determine if recombinant human lubricin reduces cartilage loss following partial medial meniscectomy,in vivo, as measured by histology, collagen type II degradation, GAG loss and qPCR for degradative markers. These aims are translational and will provide the foundation for a clinical trial. Our preliminary data indicate that tribosupplementation is achievable and is directed at the nanotribological foundation of the cartilage bearing, which is characterized by very low cartilage friction. The commercial value is high as this technology could improve the widespread practice of viscosupplementation with hyaluronate. The PI and his research team are well suited to perform these studies in that they have significantly contributed to the current knowledge of lubricin and its association with cartilage friction, cartilage wear, and chondrocyte apoptosis. The PIis also a practicing emergency physician and already collaborates with the sub-contract Co-I, who has also performed several large animal studies to date. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Tribosupplementing mammalian joints withrecombinant human lubricin can restore the protection of cartilage and prevent its damage. This practice following an injury, such as a meniscal tear or operative partial meniscectomy, may be pivotal in protecting a joint from developing degenerative jointdisease. This animal study will show that injecting pre-commercialized lubricin protein into a joint can prevent joint degeneration.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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