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Using Elemental Iodine Vapor Bubbles in a Liquid Medium to Inactivate Mastitis Pathogens on Cow Teat Surfaces.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2013-00167
Agency Tracking Number: 2013-00167
Amount: $58,883.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: 8.3
Solicitation Number: USDA-NIFA-SBIR-003848
Solicitation Year: 2013
Award Year: 2013
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
Oceanside, NY 11572-2424
United States
DUNS: 021522561
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Michael Radicone
 (516) 850-3727
Business Contact
 Michael Radicone
Title: President
Phone: (516) 850-3727
Research Institution

Mastitis is the most prevalent disease in dairy herds world-wide and the reason for extensive production losses. The economic loss due to Mastitis last year in the US alone was 1.7 billion dollars. Milk yield and composition is affected by the Mastitis condition, the microbes that cause it, and/or prevention or segregation methods. Mastitis is a condition affecting cows and other mammals whereby the udder becomes inflamed due to bacterial presence and body response. Mastitis can reduce milk production through the need to discard affected or contaminated produced milk and through a decrease in herd size due to cow fatalities. Preventative techniques may remove cows from the milking cycle therefore reducing the quantity produced. Teat dipping, a commonly used preventative, may introduce unwanted biocides into bulk milk. Therapies, such as antibiotics, may require the milk to be discarded due to the presence of these antibiotics in the produced milk. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predicts that a doubling of the global food production by 2050 will need be attained to satisfy the increasing population. Milk represents a vital nutrient source and maintaining biologically safe milk in the face of increasing demands will be difficult. With milk production an integral part of the world¿s food supply and Mastitis a key factor in production loss, it is apparent that this condition demands new and innovative methods to stem or reduce the loss of cows, milk and associated products in all milking environments. The evaluation will be performed by the Animal Health Diagnostic Centerof the Quality Milk Production Services (QMPS) associated with Cornell University Veterinary College. It will determine if iodine vapor as a bubble in a liquid reduces the counts of microbes on a teat surface without leaving a high level residue. It will expose contaminated teats to the iodine vaporbubble and perform tests to determine what the reduction is in the number of bacteria. QMPS conducts both applied and basic field research in Mastitis prevention techniques through its affiliation with the Epidemiology and Animal Health Diagnostic Centers at Cornell University and this associationprovides them with content area expertise. Furthermore, their expertise in biostatistics ensures the validity of this study design and the associated data analyses of this protocol. QMPS performs extensive research into new Mastitis control technology and programs to improve milk quality and food safety associated with Mastitis and milk hygiene. The antimicrobial and safety benefits iodine vapor perfusion may have wide ranging applications for the Federal Government and commercially for use in protecting water supplies, vegetable and fruit surfaces, animal carcasses, medical uses such as diabetic ulcerations, etc.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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