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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for the given year is not complete until April of the following year. Annual Reports data is a snapshot of agency reported information for that year and hence might look different from the live data in the Awards Information charts.

  1. A MULTILAYER MIRROR/MONOCHROMATOR FOR DUAL-ENERGY DIGITAL SUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY

    SBC: Adelphi Technology, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    CURRENT SYNCHROTRON-BASED MEDICAL IMAGING FACILITIES EMPLOY NARROW (.05 - 1%) BANDWIDTH MONOCHROMATORS TO PRODUCE MONOCHROMATIC SOURCES OF HARD X-RAYS FOR DUAL-ENERGY DIGITALSUBTRACTION ANGIOGRAPHY. WE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO DEMONSTRATE THAT THE BANDWIDTH CAN BE INCREASED TO 5 TO 10% PROVIDED THAT THE TWO QUASIMONOCHROMATIC SOURCES ARE LOCATED AN APPROPRIATE DISTANCE IN ENERGY FROM THE IODINE K-EDGE. M ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 National Science Foundation
  2. A PULSED X-RAY SOURCE USING K-EDGE TRANSITION RADIATION

    SBC: Adelphi Technology, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    THE OBJECTIVE OF THE PROPOSED RESEARCH PROGRAM IS TO INVESTIGATE THE USE OF A NOVEL TRANSITION-RADIATION SOURCE TO PRODUCE A LOW-COST, LABORATORY-SCALE, INTENSE, PULSED X-RAY SOURCE. BY DESIGNING TRANSITION RADIATORS TO EMIT X RAYS AT THE FOIL MATERIAL K-SHELL PHOTOABSORPTION EDGE, THE X-RAY SPECTRUM IS NARROWED. THE SOURCE IS THUS QUASIMONOCHROMATIC (20 TO 50% BANDWIDTH), DIRECTIONAL, INTENSE AND ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of Energy
  3. DIAGNOSIS OF NATURAL AND INDUCED DISEASES OF MILITARY IMPORTANCE

    SBC: Adeza Biomedical Corpon            Topic: N/A

    WE PROPOSE TO DEVELOP A SIMPLE, PORTABLE, ONE-STEP ASSAY FOR THE DETECTION OF MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE AND INFLUENZA A WHICH CAN BE PERFORMED INDEPENDENT OF A SOPHISTICATED LABORATORY BY UNTRAINED OR SEMI-SKILLED PERSONNEL. THIS SIMPLE, ONE-STEP METHOD IS CALLED AN OPTICAL BIOASSAY (OBA) AND UTILIZES AN INEXPENSIVE LASER AND PHOTODETECTOR TO DETECT AN ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY BINDING EVENT. ANTIBODY IS COVAL ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of DefenseArmy
  4. DECEPTION METHODS FOR FUEL-BASED DECISION AIDS IN ADVERSARIAL ENVIRONMENTS

    SBC: Advanced Decision Systems            Topic: N/A

    AUTOMATIC AIDS FOR SITUATION ASSESSMENT, GENERAL INFORMATION FUSION, DECISION MAKING AND PLANNING ARE VULNERABLE TO DECEPTION IN ADVERSARIAL SITUATIONS. COUNTER-DECEPTION CAPABILITIES TO DETECT POSSIBLE DECEPTIVE ACTIONS AND OBTAIN THE CORRECT ASSESSMENT ARE NEEDED TO PRESERVE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THESE AIDS. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL CREATE TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT SO THAT THE EFFECTS OF DECEPTION ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of DefenseNavy
  5. EVIDENCE ACCRUAL FOR MODEL BASED VISION

    SBC: Advanced Decision Systems            Topic: N/A

    SUCCESSFULLY APPLYING MODEL-BASED REASONING TO REAL WORLD VISION PROBLEMS (E.G. AUTOMATIC TARGET RECOGNITION ?ATR?) REQUIRES ACCURATE REPRESENTATION OF COMPLEX RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THINGS IN THE WORLD AND OBSERVABLE IMAGE FEATURES. EVIDENCE ACCRUAL TECHNIQUES MUST BE ABLE TO OPERATE OVER THESE RELATIONSHIPS WITH LITTLE LOSS IN INFORMATION. CURRENT TECHNIQUES SUCH AS BAYESIAN NETWORKS SHOW PROMISE, ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of DefenseAir Force
  6. THERMIONIC NETCON FOR OUT-OF-CORE SPACE POWER SYSTEM

    SBC: Advanced Energy Technology,            Topic: N/A

    NETCON (NEW THERMIONIC CONVERTER) IS A NEW IDEA FOR AN ADVANCED POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM. THE EMITTERS ARE TYPICALLY 0.5 CM IN DIMENSION. THE EMITTER AND COLLECTOR ARE SEPARATED BY LESS THAN 0.5 MILS ( 12 MU M), WITH OPERATION IN THE QUASI-VACUUM (UNIGNITED) MODE. THE INTERELECTRODE GAP IS SET BY THE THERMAL EXPANSION OF A CERAMIC PEDESTAL SUPPORTING THE EMITTER. HEAT TRANSPORT TO THE EMITTER IS BY ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  7. IMPROVED DETECTOR TECHNOLOGY FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION X-RAY NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION

    SBC: Aracor            Topic: N/A

    HIGH-RESOLUTION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SHOWS SIGNIFICANT PROMISE IN AIDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS WHICH ARE IMPORTANT IN IMPROVING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE. NONDESTRUCTIVE IMAGING OF THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THESE MATERIALS CAN HELP IN IMPROVING PROCESSING QUALITY, IN DEVELOPING PERFORMANCE MODELS, AND IN EVALUATING MANUFACTURED COMPONENTS. CURRENT IMAGING PERFORMANCE COULD BE S ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of DefenseAir Force
  8. GAAS WAFER TESTING FOR RADIATION-INDUCED TRANSIENT UPSET

    SBC: Aracor            Topic: N/A

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF A WAFER-LEVEL TESTING TECHNIQUE FOR MULTIGIGAHERTZ GAAS DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS TO CHARACTERIZE THE TRANSIENT-RADIATION-INDUCED UPSET LEVEL IS PROPOSED. THIS CONCEPT WILL ALLOW THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE UPSET LEVEL IN HIGH PIN-OUT DENSITY CIRCUITS USING AN ON-SITE, QUICK TURNAROUND PROCEDURE FOR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS CIRCUIT SCREENING. THIS NONDESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 Department of DefenseDefense Advanced Research Projects Agency
  9. THREE DIMENSIONAL RECONSTRUCTION OF IMAGES OF INTERIOR OBJECTS

    SBC: Aracor            Topic: N/A

    COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT), A TECHNIQUE FOR RECONSTRUCTING THEINTERIOR OF AN OBJECT FROM MEASUREMENTS OF ITS LINE INTEGRALS (OR PROJECTIONS), IS INCREASINGLY BEING APPLIED INRESEARCH AND IN NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF INDUSTRIAL OBJECTS. TO HANDLE THE INCREASED SPATIAL RESOLUTION AND THROUGHPUT REQUIREMENTS OF THESE APPLICATIONS, CT SCANNERS MAY BE ABLE TO USE AREA DETECTORS INSTEAD OF THE SINGLE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 National Science Foundation
  10. AN INTEGRATED-FUNCTION X-RAY LABORATORY FOR THE GEOLOGICAL AND EXOBIOLOGICAL

    SBC: Aracor            Topic: N/A

    THE PROPOSED R&D WILL ESTABLISH A NEW CAPABILITY OF LIGHT-ELEMENT X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS THAT SUPPORTS THE ACCURATE QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENT OF THE BIOGENIC ELEMENTS. THE BASIS FOR THIS NEW CAPABILITY IS A CLASS OF INNOVATIVE X-RAY WAVELENGTH-DISPERSIVE OPTICAL COMPONENTS KNOWN AS LAYERED SYNTHETIC MICROSTRUCTURES (LSM). THESE COMPONENTS, WHEN COMBINED WITH EXISTING ENERGY-DISPERSIVE DETECTOR ...

    SBIR Phase II 1991 National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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