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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for the given year is not complete until April of the following year. Annual Reports data is a snapshot of agency reported information for that year and hence might look different from the live data in the Awards Information charts.

  1. Spatially-Resolved Microbial Activity Probe Using Infrared Measurements of Nitrous Oxide and Methane Isotopes in Soil

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: 22b

    Soil health is an important factor in ensuring long term agricultural production and food security- Soil microbial activity is crucial to nutrient cycling and soil fertility, but it is strongly dependent upon environmental variables, such as temperature, humidity, and nutrient and oxygen content- Technology that probes soil microbial activity in real time with spatial fidelity is needed to better ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  2. UV/Near-IR Aerosol Absorption Monitor

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: 23c

    Light-absorbing aerosols can influence the global radiation budget and thermodynamic balance of the planet by reducing the amount of sunlight reaching the surface and heating their surroundings- At present, most aerosol absorption measurement techniques collect the airborne samples on a filter substrate and then measure light attenuation due to the collected samples- The filter-based methods usual ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  3. Photo-Thermal Interferometry (PTI) Particulate Absorption Monitor

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: 23c

    Understanding the role that aerosols play in atmospheric radiative forcing is currently the major focus of the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Sciences Program- Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei- It is now recognized that the atmospheric loa ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  4. Development of Innovative Gas Diffusion Layers for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

    SBC: AVCARB, LLC            Topic: 17b

    The proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) has a significant potential for use in a variety of applications, such as transportation, backup, and portable power, although there are still remaining technical and cost challenges that must be solved for commercialization- The DOE has recognized the importance of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) and has requested innovative GDL designs that will impro ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  5. Novel Fluorinated Ionomer for PEM Fuel Cells

    SBC: Giner, Inc.            Topic: 17a

    Commercial proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell technology typically relies on the same type of ionomer in the catalyst layer as are used for the fuel cell membrane- However, the desired properties for the ionomer in the catalyst layer and the ionomer used in the membrane should be different- This results in poor fuel cell performance particularly for low-platinum and high-power operations- Th ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  6. Innovative Bilayer Microporous Layer for PEM Fuel Cells

    SBC: Giner, Inc.            Topic: 17b

    In polymer electrode membrane fuel cells, gas diffusion media plays a critical role in reactant gas diffusion and water management- Often, a gas diffusion media that has excellent water removal properties under high humidity may not perform well under dry conditions, or vice versa- Therefore, it is essential to develop a robust gas diffusion media design which meets the performance requirements ac ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  7. Development of VUV-reflective PTFE coatings

    SBC: GVD Corporation            Topic: 30c

    Experimental searches for neutrinoless double beta decay are listed as the highest priority in the 2015 Long Range Plan for Nuclear Science- The observation of neutrinoless double beta decay would have a fundamental impact on the understanding of neutrinos, lepton number violation, and the origin of the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe- At present neutrinoless double beta decay detectio ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  8. Magnetic Field Tolerant Large Area Picosecond Photon Detectors for Particle Identification

    SBC: INCOM, INC.            Topic: 30a

    We propose to address DoE NP needs for low cost large area Multi-channel Plate (MCP) type light sensors with high spatial resolution, high rate capability, radiation tolerance, magnetic field tolerance, and timing resolution of

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  9. Optical Probe for Rapid In-Situ Survey of Soil Moisture and Carbon

    SBC: Physical Sciences Inc.            Topic: 22b

    An important goal of current biological research is being able to capture and adequately model the complex processes that mediate subsurface-microbe-plant-atmosphere interactions and responses- In particular, computing hardware has advanced to the point where high resolution biogeochemical conditions can be coupled to genomics-informed reactive transport models to study and visualize three-dimensi ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy
  10. Controlled Porosity and Surface Coatings for Advanced Gas Diffusion Layers

    SBC: Physical Sciences Inc.            Topic: 17b

    Polymer electrolyte fuel cells are a leading candidate to replace internal combustion engines for light duty vehicles, but their performance is below current targets- The gas diffusion layers in the fuel cell are one component that limits the performance- These limits can be addressed by structuring porosity in the gas diffusion layers to enhance transport mechanisms and provide greater durability ...

    SBIR Phase I 2018 Department of Energy

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