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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for the given year is not complete until April of the following year. Annual Reports data is a snapshot of agency reported information for that year and hence might look different from the live data in the Awards Information charts.

  1. IN VIVO TOTAL BODY LEAD ANALYSIS BY X-RAY FLUORESCENCE

    SBC: ABIOMED, INC.            Topic: N/A

    THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 600,000 CHILDREN UNDER SIX YEARS OLD WITH ELEVATED BLOOD LEAD LEVELS AND ONLY 5,000 PER YEAR UNDERGOING TREATMENT; AS YET, NO TECHNIQUE IS AVAILABLE TO MEASURE TOTAL BODY LEAD BURDEN. THIS PROPOSAL DESCRIBES A TECHNIQUE WHICH USES X-RAY FLUORESCENCE IN A TRANSMISSION GEOMETRY TO MEASURE THE TOTAL BODY-BURDEN OF LEAD, IN VIVO, NONINVASIVELY. A SYSTEM USING A GOLD CALIBRATION ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 Department of Health and Human Services
  2. IMMUNODIRECTABLE MR CONTRAST AGENTS

    SBC: ADVANCED MAGNETICS, INC.            Topic: N/A

    A NUMBER OF SYNTHESES OF SMALL MAGNETIC PARTICLES PERMITTINGTHE COVALENT ATTACHMENT OF ANTIBODIES WILL BE EXAMINED. CHANGES IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE (MR) PROTON RELAXATION AFTER MAGNETIC ANTIBODIES HAVE BOUND TO CELL SURFACE ANTIGENS WILLBE UTILIZED TO DEMONSTRATE THE BINDING OF ANTIBODY (AND MAGNETIC LABEL) TO ANTIGENS. THE MAGNETIC LABELS INVESTIGATED WILL POSESS THE MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF A CRYSTA ...

    SBIR Phase I 1987 Department of Health and Human Services
  3. BEHAVIOR OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES AT CRYOGENIC TEMPERATURES

    SBC: Advanced Materials Laboratory            Topic: N/A

    METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES THAT MAY BE USED IN DEEP SPACE VEHICLES MIGHT HAVE SEVERE INTERNAL STRESSES DUE TO THE THERMAL EXPANSION DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE MATRIX AND THE FIBERS. SINCE THE TEMPERATURES EXPERIENCED WITH THESE VEHICLES MAY BE AS LOW AS A FEW DEGREES ABOVE ABSOLUTE ZERO, IT IS NECESSARY TO KNOW THE THERMAL MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES TO BE USED AS STRUCTURAL MATERIALS ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 NavyDepartment of Defense
  4. FLUIDIZED BED FOR PREVENTION OF FREEZING IN CRYOGENIC HEAT EXCHANGERS

    SBC: Advanced Mechanical Technology, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    A SERIOUS PROBLEM IN HEAT EXCHANGERS WHERE ATMOSPHERIC AIR IS COOLED TO CRYOGENIC TEMPERATURES IS THAT THE AMBIENT WATER VAPOR AND CO(2) FREEZE ONTO THE HEAT TRANSFER SURFACES. AS THE SOLID DEPOSITS ACCUMULATE THEY ADVERSELY AFFECT PERFORMANCE BY DECREASING HEAT EXCHANGER EFFECTIVENESS AND INCREASING PRESSURE DROP. AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR DEALING WITH THE FREEZING PROBLEM WHICH OFFERS SIGNIFICA ...

    SBIR Phase I 1987 Air ForceDepartment of Defense
  5. ADVANCED PERMEABLE MEMBRANE OBIGGS/OBOGS SYSTEM

    SBC: A/g Technology Corp.            Topic: N/A

    THE OVERALL OBJECTIVE OF THE PHASE I PROGRAM IS TO DEMONSTRATE THE FEASIBILITY OF NEWLY DEVELOPED ADVANCED PERMEABLE MEMBRANES FOR THE COMBINED DUTIES ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT OF NITROGEN GENERATION TO INERT FUEL TANKS AND OXYGEN GENERATION FOR PILOT BREATHING IN A UNIQUE SYSTEM ARRANGEMENT. THESE COMPACT AND LIGHTWEIGHT MEMBRANES LEND THEMSELVES TO A MORE EFFICIENT OBIGGS/OBOGS DESIGN COMBINATION THA ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 Air ForceDepartment of Defense
  6. SCRIBE DATA VALIDATION AND ANALYSIS

    SBC: ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.            Topic: N/A

    WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE POTENTIAL OF THE UNIQUE SCRIBE HIGH RESOLUTION ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION SPECTRA AND ITS DIURNAL VARIATION IN SEVERAL APPLICATIONS. WE WILL VALIDATE THE SPECTRA BY COMPARISON WITH CALCULATED REFERENCE SYNTHETIC SPECTRA AND WITH OTHER SYNTHETIC SPECTRA. WE WILL CHECK TO SEE WHETHER DISCREPANCIES CAN BE REDUCED OR ELIMINATED BY VARYING THE PROFILES OF TRACE GASES, AND WHETHE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 Air ForceDepartment of Defense
  7. CLOUD PROPERTY DETERMINATION FROM MULTISPECTRAL DMSP OLS

    SBC: ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.            Topic: N/A

    THE PROPOSED STUDY WILL DETERMINE CLOUD PROPERTIES FROM SIMULATED MULTISPECTRAL DMSP OLS DATA BY COMBINING A SCENE MODEL APPROACH WITH A VARIETY OF CLOUD PARAMETER RETRIEVAL METHODS. THE MULTISPECTRAL OLS DATA WILL BE CREATED BY RESAMPLING LANDSAT THEMATIC MAPPER SPATIALLY AND SPECTRALLY. THE PROPOSED SENSOR HAS SEVERAL SPECTRAL BANDS WHICH, IN PRINCIPLE, ALLOW CLOUD AMOUNT AND HEIGHT TO BE RETRIE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 Air ForceDepartment of Defense
  8. ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS OF A NUCLEAR EXCHANGE: MODIFICATION OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS OPTICAL PROPERTIES AND CLIMATE

    SBC: ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.            Topic: N/A

    IN THE LAST TWO YEARS, THERE HAVE BEEN INCREASING CONCERNS ABOUT THE POTENTIALLY LARGE COOLING OF THE LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE RESULTING FROM THE SOOT AND DUST INJECTED INTO THE ATMOSPHERE BY THE EXPLOSIONS AND SECONDARY FIRES FROM NUCLEAR EXCHANGES, THE SO-CALLED "NUCLEAR WINTER" SCENARIOS. HERE WE ARGUE THAT, IN ADDITION TO DUST AND SOOT, A LARGE NUMBER OF TRACE GASES (NO[X], H[2]0, HC, CH[4]) C ...

    SBIR Phase I 1987 Defense Threat Reduction AgencyDepartment of Defense
  9. LASER-INDUCED SURFACE CHEMICAL EPITAXY: A NOVEL THIN FILM DEPOSITION TECHNIQUE

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    THIS PROPOSAL IDENTIFIED A NEW TYPE OF LASER-INDUCED EPITAXIAL GROWTH PROCESS TERMED LASER-INDUCED SURFACE CHEMICAL EPITAXY (LSCE), AND ADDRESSES KEY ISSUED RELATING TO THE FEASIBILITY OF THE TECHNIQUES. THE POTENTIAL ADVANTAGES OF LSCE INCLUDE LAYER-BY-LAYER CONTROL OVER STOICHIOMETRY, ABRUPT INTERFACES, AND LOW GROWTH TEMPERATURES. ADDITIONALLY, LSCE MAY BE USED TO DEPOSIT A WIDE VARIETY OF MATE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1987 Air ForceDepartment of Defense
  10. DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROGRAVITY FILM PROCESSOR

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    CONVENTIONAL FILM PROCESSING TECHNIQUES ARE NOT DESIGNED FOR USE IN LOW-GRAVITY ENVIRONMENTS, BECAUSE OF THE DIFFICULTIES ASSOCIATED WITH CONFINING FREE LIQUIDS WHILE PERMITTING THE INTRODUCTION AND TRANSPORT OF ROLL FILMS INTO AND THROUGH THESE LIQUIDS. IN THIS TECHNIQUE, VISCOUS PROCESSING SOLUTIONS ARE EXTRUDED IN THIN LAYERS ONTO THE FILMS EMULSION SURFACE AND RAPIDLY PROCESS THE FILM. ARCHIVA ...

    SBIR Phase I 1987 National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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