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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for the given year is not complete until April of the following year. Annual Reports data is a snapshot of agency reported information for that year and hence might look different from the live data in the Awards Information charts.

  1. "TWO-WAVELENGTH LASER FOR SURGERY"

    SBC: ABIOMED, INC.            Topic: N/A

    THE USE OF LASERS AS A SURGICAL MODALITY HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED IN RECENT YEARS. LASERS OF VARIOUS WAVELENGTHS ARE SUITED FOR DIFFERENT SPECIFIC SURGICAL FUNCTIONS. CO2 (10.6 ) RADIATION HAS SMALL PENETRATION DEPTHS IN TISSUES. THIS LEADS TO HIGH SURFACE TEMPERATURES WHICH ARE DESIRABLE FOR TISSUE INCISION THROUGH EVAPORATION. ND:YAG LASERS (1.06 ) PROVIDE VOLUMETRIC TISSUE HEATING WHICH IS EFFECTIV ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of Health and Human Services
  2. RAMAN COVERTED MID-IR LASER

    SBC: ABIOMED, INC.            Topic: N/A

    THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROPOSAL IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PULSED MID-IR LASER IN THE 3.5 TO 4.1 MICROMETER ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION WINDOW. SUCH SPECTRAL SOURCE IS RELEVANT TO A VARIETY OF TACTICAL APPLICATIONS. THE DF CHEMICAL LASER HAS BEEN THE CHOICE, BUT SUFFERS FROM WASTE FUEL MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS. NO OTHER EFFICIENT DIRECT LASING SOURCE IS AVAILABLE. TO OBTAIN SUCH A SOURCE, WE PROPOSE THE USE O ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of DefenseArmy
  3. THIN LAYER IMMOBILIZED LIQUID MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATIONS

    SBC: A/g Technology Corp.            Topic: N/A

    THE NEED FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION TO REDUCE US DEPENDENCE ON POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE FOREIGN ENERGY SUPPLIES IS WELL DOCUMENTED. ONE MAJOR POTENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURE IS COMBUSTION WITH OXYGEN ENRICHED AIR. CONVENTIONAL METHODS FOR PRODUCING OXYGEN ENRICHED AIR ARE UNECONOMICAL AND HENCE ARE NOT PRACTICED. MEMBRANE PROCESSES, ESPECIALLY THOSE BASED ON IMMOBILIZED LIQUID MEMBRANES ARE CHARATE ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 National Science Foundation
  4. INTERSATELLITE IMAGE COMPARISONS

    SBC: ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.            Topic: N/A

    A SIX-MONTH RESEARCH PROGRAM IS DESCRIBED TO DEVELOP WAYS TOCOMPARE CONCURRENT DATA SAMPLES FROM A VARIETY OF IMAGING SENSOR SYSTEMS (BOTH VISIBLE AND THERMAL INFARED SPECTRAL BANDS) IN ORDER TO ABET CLOUD ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION. SENSORS OF INTEREST INCLUDE THE DMSP OLS, NOAA AVHRR, GOES VISSR, AND LANDSAT TM/MSS. SALIENT SENSOR CHARACTERISTICS WILL BE IDENTIFIED, SAMPLE DATA SETS SELECTED AN ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of DefenseAir Force
  5. A DIODE LASER FLUXMETER FOR MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC DRY DEPOSITION

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    THIS STUDY IS TO DEVELOP INSTRUMENTATION TO MEASURE DRY DEPOSITION RATES OF ATMOSPHERIC TRACE GASES IM- PORTANT IN STUDIES OF ACIDIC DEPOSITION. THE METHOD IS BASED ON THE WELL-ESTABLISHED EDDY CORRELATION TECHNIQUE AND WILL USE A TUNABLE DIODE LASER SOURCE COMBINED WITH AN OPEN-PATH MULTIPASS ABSORPTION CELL FOR TRACE SPECIES DETECTION AT PARTS-PER-BILLION LEVELS. THIS INSTRUMENT WILL HAVE THE FA ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of Energy
  6. OPTIMAL SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    IT IS DESIRABLE TO ENHANCE THE ABILITY TO MAKE HIGH PURITY SILICON CARBIDE CRYSTALS TO BE USED IN MONITORING INSTRUMENTS AND SENSORS FOR USE IN HARSH ENVIRONMENTS. A SIGNIFICANT ADVANCEMENT IN SIC PRODUCTION HAS BEEN MADE AT NASA-LEWIS. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROJECT IS TO OPTIMIZE THE NASA-LEWIS PROCESS FOR MAKING SEMICONDUCTOR-QUALITY SILICON CARBIDE CRYSTALS BY BETTER UNDERSTANDING BOTH THE CHEM ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  7. AN OPEN PATH DIODE LASER FLUX METER FOR TRACE GASES OF BIOGENIC ORIGIN

    SBC: Aerodyne Research, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT IS TO DESIGN AND DEVELOP AN INSTRUMENT TO MEASURE FLUXES OF TRACE GASES IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THEIR SOURCES AND SINKS IN THE BIOSPHERE. THE METHOD IS BASED ON THE WELL ESTABLISHED EDDY CORRELATION TECHNIQUE AND WOULD USE A TUNABLE DIODE LASER SOURCE COMBINED WITH A UNIQUE OPEN PATH MULTIPLE PASS ABSORPTION CELL FOR TRACE SPECIES DETECTION AT SUB-PPB LEVELS. THIS INSTRUM ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  8. ALL SOLID-STATE INTEGRATING DOSIMETER

    SBC: Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    RECENTLY, RESEARCH AT SEVERAL GOVERNMENT FACILITIES HAS RESULTED IN SIGNIFICANT ADVANCES IN BOTH THE ELECTRONIC AND DETECTOR ASPECTS OF INTEGRATING RADIATION DOSIMETERS. ONE PARTICULAR APPROACH, THE LOS ALAMOS MULTIDETECTOR RADIATION MONITOR, IS A MICROPROCESSOR BASED INSTRUMENT, CAPABLE OF INTERROGATING SEVERAL DIFFERENT NUCLEAR DETECTORS SIMULTANEOUSLY. ALTHOUGH USING GEIGER TUBES FOR THE GAMMA ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of DefenseAir Force
  9. SEMICONDUCTOR EXPOSURE CONTROLLER FOR IMPROVED MAMMOGRAPHY

    SBC: Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    CANCER OF THE BREAST IS PRESENTLY THE MOST COMMON FORM OF CANCER IN WOMEN AND EARLY DETECTION OF IT HAS BECOME ONE OF THE NATION'S MORE PRESSING MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS. OF THE AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES, MAMMOGRAPHY IS THE MOST WIDELY USED APPROACH FOR THE EARLY DETECTING OF THE PRESENCE OF A POTENTIAL TUMOR WORTHY OF FURTHER INVESTIGATION. MAMMOGRAPHY IS ONE OF THE MOST DEMANDING MEDICAL X-RAY TECHNIQUES ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of Health and Human Services
  10. SENSITIVE PROBE FOR INTRAOPERATIVE BONE SCANNING

    SBC: Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    ONE OF THE MOST CRITICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN THE SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF BONE TUMORS AND INFECTIONS IS THEIR DETECTION AND LOCALIZATION DURING SURGERY. ALTHOUGH NUCLEAR MEDICINE SCANNING TECHNIQUES ARE A WIDELY ACCEPTED AND EFFECTIVE APPROACH FOR IMAGING, THEY ARE VERY DIFFICULT TO USE IN THE TIGHT CONFINES OF THE OPERATING ROOM. THIS LIMITATION IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT IN THE REMOVAL OF A WIDE VAR ...

    SBIR Phase II 1986 Department of Health and Human Services

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