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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for the given year is not complete until April of the following year. Annual Reports data is a snapshot of agency reported information for that year and hence might look different from the live data in the Awards Information charts.

  1. High Resolution and Fast Scanning Speed SQUID Based Nondestructive Inspection System of Niobium Sheets for SRF Cavities

    SBC: Amac International, Inc.            Topic: 30

    High energy physics accelerators and instruments in other fields require the use of thousands of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities that are made of high purity niobium (Nb) material. The purity of Nb is critical for these cavities to reach the highest accelerating fields. Tantalum (Ta) is the most prolific of metal contaminants, can cause thermal breakdown, and can prevent the cavitie ...

    SBIR Phase II 2008 Department of Energy
  2. ILC Coupler Design

    SBC: Avar Inc.            Topic: 30

    Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) power couplers are used to introduce RF power into evacuated accelerating cavities typically operating at a few degrees Kelvin. These couplers are historically a problematic component that adversely affects the cost and reliability of the entire accelerator system. This project will develop a coupler which is low in capital and operating cost, highly reliable, ...

    SBIR Phase II 2008 Department of Energy
  3. Green Electropolishing for Niobium SRF Cavities

    SBC: BLACK LABORATORIES LLC            Topic: 36a

    The ability of nuclear physics research to continue to make a significant impact on the scientific community relies on advances in accelerator performance, particularly on improvements in superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. In order to obtain optimal performance, the inner surfaces of the SRF cavities must be clean, smooth, and free of damage. However, current methods of treating the s ...

    SBIR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy
  4. Feasibility of Commercialization of a Pre-Pretreatment Process for Enhanced Biomass Saccharification

    SBC: SuGanit Systems Inc.            Topic: 13a

    Current methods to break-down biomass into simple sugars for fermentation constitute the core barrier to the production of ethanol with minimal energy and water input, and waste output. In particular, the present practice of enzymatically hydrolyzing biomass into its constituent sugars in aqueous media suffers from slow reaction rates. This project will develop an ionic liquid pretreatment process ...

    SBIR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy
  5. Discovery Tools for Science Education Content

    SBC: David Wojick            Topic: 41

    There is no reasonable way for teachers, parents or students to search on the Web for science content, especially Department of Energy research that is suited for a specific grade level or degree of difficulty. There are thousands of small collections scattered through the Web. The only way to search them is one by one, which is too difficult. This project will develop a grade level stratification ...

    SBIR Phase II 2008 Department of Energy
  6. Aqueous Phase Base-Facilitated-Reforming (BFR) of Renewable Fuels

    SBC: Directed Technologies, Inc.            Topic: 22a

    The primary industrial hydrogen production method today is Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) of natural gas (NG) at medium centralized facilities. This method has several shortcomings: (1) the natural gas feedstock is not renewable, (2) carbon emissions require costly mitigation systems to be compliant with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations, (3) reformation results in a dilute hyd ...

    SBIR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy
  7. Improved, High-Moisture Ensiled Crop Feedstocks for Cellulosic Ethanol

    SBC: Edenspace Systems Corporation            Topic: 01

    As grain ethanol production capacity becomes constrained by the available supply of corn grain, production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass is widely seen as necessary to meet the surging demand for fuel ethanol. However, the high cost of biomass pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis make cellulosic ethanol too expensive. This project will develop technology to improve the quality of ensi ...

    SBIR Phase II 2008 Department of Energy
  8. A Novel Method for Phytoextraction and Phytostabilization of Environmental Mercury

    SBC: Edenspace Systems Corporation            Topic: 38b

    Because environmental mercury poses significant challenges to global public health, reducing mercury levels in air, soil, and water is an international priority. However, the widespread distribution of mercury (Hg) through the atmosphere makes current methods of addressing Hg contamination ¿ such as excavation and replacement of soil, or pump-and-treat techniques for water ¿ too expensive to be ...

    SBIR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy
  9. New Technology for Improved Nuclear Energy Systems

    SBC: Luna Innovations Incorporated            Topic: 53a

    Generation-IV nuclear energy systems, especially the very high temperature reactors are planned to operate at temperatures above 1000 degrees C and with neutron fluence up to cm. Accurate temperature measurements will be needed to identify hot spots, control thermal cycles, and perform temperature compensation of sensors, functions that are critical to the safe operation of these reactors. Howev ...

    STTR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy
  10. Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Chemical Products

    SBC: Luna Innovations Incorporated            Topic: 13c

    The global rise of oil prices in the past few years has resulted in parallel increases in the costs of practically every chemical and petroleum derived material: fuels, fine chemicals, plastics, and pharmaceuticals. New non-traditional and renewable feedstocks for these chemical processes need to be developed for both economic and environmental reasons. This project will demonstrate the techni ...

    STTR Phase I 2008 Department of Energy

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