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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for FY19 is not expected to be complete until April, 2020.

  1. Analysis Software for Near-Field Optical Microscopes

    SBC: Field Precision            Topic: N/A

    The near-field scanning optical microscope can supply information on the shape and electrical properties of surfaces with nanometer resolution. The quantitative interpretation of images is difficult because of the difficulty of electromagnetic field solutions in the near-field limit. We propose to supply software to aid in this analysis. The finite-element programs generate two and three-dimension ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  2. New Methods for Evaluating Thermal Performance of Protective Clothing for

    SBC: KTECH CORP.            Topic: N/A

    A growing number of fire fighters are suffering third degree burns; this has led to questions about the adequacy of thermal protective performance (TPP) measurements for protective clothing. A new heat flux sensor, whose response approximates that of skin, will be developed to provide better measurements of heat transfer in TPP tests. This sensor will be used with nonlinear parameter estimation an ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  3. Thermographic Phosphor Based Heat Flux Sensors

    SBC: KTECH CORP.            Topic: N/A

    As fire protection engineering moves towards the implementation of performance- based fire codes, the use of validated fire models is becoming a necessity. Part of the validation process involves demonstrating model capabilities for predicting key fire environment parameters. One of the key parameters for estimating time to ignition and fire growth is the heat transfer rate to compartment surfaces ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  4. A Diode Laser Multigas Analyzer for Advanced Detection of Fires

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Southwest Sciences will develop a novel fire detection technology based on optical spectroscopy, using diode lasers and fiber optics. Rapid, quantitative detection of part per million concentrations (or better) of multiple gases, including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen chloride, and a fiber optical distribution network permits one laser to be used for at least 800 di ...

    SBIR Phase II 1997 Department of Commerce
  5. Diode Laser-Based Optical Flux Monitor for MBE Control

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    A diode laser method for the real-time measurement of absolute flux concentrations and spatial profiles of atomic beams used in MBE will be tested. The proposed method uses the doubled output of a near-infrared diode laser to access atomic absorption lines of species such as Ga, Al and In. The detection method will combine high frequency wavelength modulation and noise canceler approaches in order ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  6. Sensitive Measurement of Water Vapor from Commercial Aviation Platforms

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Commercial aviation offers a low cost platform from which to make extensive humidity measurements, provided the instrumentation can run autonomously and endure the rigorous flight schedules. Advances in state of the art diode laser gas sensing technology make possible compact, fully automated, self-calibrating instrumentation with the sensitivity needed to measure humidity levels throughout the tr ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  7. Study of Operation Conditions Including a Refrigerant Composition Heat

    SBC: Spauschus Associates, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Zeotrope refrigerant mixtures have been proposed and used for energy saving. Matching the temperature glide of the refrigerant to the temperature change of the heat sink and source, while simultaneously reducing the pressure difference seen by the compressor will result in significantly improved efficiency. A new cycle based on a mixture cascade combined with a rectifier column has recently been i ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  8. Gravel Mulch Buffers

    SBC: Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Water quality and soil erosion are high priority issues for U.S. agriculture. In more humid areas of theU.S., vegetation filter strips have proven to be an effective method of reducing erosion and improvingwater quality. Filter strips are less effective in the West due to sparser vegetation and more variablerainfall. In addition, establishment of vegetation is more difficult in many western wat ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture
  9. CLEAN AND EFFICIENT UTILIZATION FROM AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES

    SBC: EnerTech Environmental, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Phase I research proved the feasibility of EnerTech's Slurry Carbonization technology for economically producing clean and marketable fuels from high-moisture agricultural residues and wastes, especially animal manures. The Slury Carbonization technology effectively transformed low-grade animal residues, through a moderate temperature and pressure carbonization process, into a uniform and especial ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture
  10. Biological Control Of Pythium In Aquaponic

    SBC: Intercontinental Growers            Topic: N/A

    Infection of plant roots by zoosporic pathogens in hydroponic vegetable culture is a recognizedmajor problem in the industry, reducing production and limiting growth of the industry.Hydroponic nutrient solutions provide ideal conditions for the rapid spread of zoosporicpathogens - continuously moist conditions, stable temperatures, uniform host plants, and anaqueous nutrient solution which is cont ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture

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