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The Award database is continually updated throughout the year. As a result, data for FY19 is not expected to be complete until April, 2020.

  1. Analysis Software for Near-Field Optical Microscopes

    SBC: Field Precision            Topic: N/A

    The near-field scanning optical microscope can supply information on the shape and electrical properties of surfaces with nanometer resolution. The quantitative interpretation of images is difficult because of the difficulty of electromagnetic field solutions in the near-field limit. We propose to supply software to aid in this analysis. The finite-element programs generate two and three-dimension ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  2. New Methods for Evaluating Thermal Performance of Protective Clothing for

    SBC: KTECH CORP.            Topic: N/A

    A growing number of fire fighters are suffering third degree burns; this has led to questions about the adequacy of thermal protective performance (TPP) measurements for protective clothing. A new heat flux sensor, whose response approximates that of skin, will be developed to provide better measurements of heat transfer in TPP tests. This sensor will be used with nonlinear parameter estimation an ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  3. Thermographic Phosphor Based Heat Flux Sensors

    SBC: KTECH CORP.            Topic: N/A

    As fire protection engineering moves towards the implementation of performance- based fire codes, the use of validated fire models is becoming a necessity. Part of the validation process involves demonstrating model capabilities for predicting key fire environment parameters. One of the key parameters for estimating time to ignition and fire growth is the heat transfer rate to compartment surfaces ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  4. A Diode Laser Multigas Analyzer for Advanced Detection of Fires

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Southwest Sciences will develop a novel fire detection technology based on optical spectroscopy, using diode lasers and fiber optics. Rapid, quantitative detection of part per million concentrations (or better) of multiple gases, including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen chloride, and a fiber optical distribution network permits one laser to be used for at least 800 di ...

    SBIR Phase II 1997 Department of Commerce
  5. Diode Laser-Based Optical Flux Monitor for MBE Control

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    A diode laser method for the real-time measurement of absolute flux concentrations and spatial profiles of atomic beams used in MBE will be tested. The proposed method uses the doubled output of a near-infrared diode laser to access atomic absorption lines of species such as Ga, Al and In. The detection method will combine high frequency wavelength modulation and noise canceler approaches in order ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  6. Sensitive Measurement of Water Vapor from Commercial Aviation Platforms

    SBC: Southwest Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Commercial aviation offers a low cost platform from which to make extensive humidity measurements, provided the instrumentation can run autonomously and endure the rigorous flight schedules. Advances in state of the art diode laser gas sensing technology make possible compact, fully automated, self-calibrating instrumentation with the sensitivity needed to measure humidity levels throughout the tr ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Commerce
  7. Pathogen-derived Resistance To Whitefly-

    SBC: Exelixis Plant Sciences, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    The whitefly pest and vector, and the geminiviruses that it transmits, have become the principaldeterrents to vegetable production in the U.S. sunbelt states, in Mexico, and throughout the CaribbeanBasin since the introduction and spread of the B biotype whitefly vector in the late 1980's. The mosteffective means of controlling geminivirus-incited diseases is through resistant tomato varieties. ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture
  8. A Novel Cyclodextrin-Based Adsorption Process for Natural Products Purification

    SBC: Chemica Technologies, Inc            Topic: N/A

    Plants are increasingly being used to provide industry with high-value chemicals, biochemicals, and drugs. This proposal focuses on the isolation and purification of specific components in plant-derived oils. For example, L-menthod is a valuable chemical that is the major component of peppermint oil. L-Menthol is widely used in the flavoring of chewing gums, candies, desserts, and beverages; an ...

    SBIR Phase II 1997 Department of Agriculture
  9. Gravel Mulch Buffers

    SBC: Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc.            Topic: N/A

    Water quality and soil erosion are high priority issues for U.S. agriculture. In more humid areas of theU.S., vegetation filter strips have proven to be an effective method of reducing erosion and improvingwater quality. Filter strips are less effective in the West due to sparser vegetation and more variablerainfall. In addition, establishment of vegetation is more difficult in many western wat ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture
  10. AUTOMATED INFILTROMETER FOR DETERMINATION OF SOIL HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES

    SBC: Flugstad Engineering            Topic: N/A

    The ability to measure the hydraulic infiltration and permeability properties of soils and various geotechnical materials is a growing need in science and engineering with the increased emphasis on groundwater quality protection, water conservation, erosion control and other water relevant issues. These measurements have classically been performed on soils using various forms of infiltrometer and ...

    SBIR Phase I 1997 Department of Agriculture

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