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SBC: SA PHOTONICS, LLC Topic: AF09BT21
Quantum cryptography, and in particular Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) is a secure method to distribute a secret key between two distant authorized partners whose security is based on the laws of physics. Current public key cryptosystems have not been proven to be secure and are based on the computational complexity of evaluating one-way functions. These functions are easily evaluated, but extrem ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: VOSS SCIENTIFIC LLC Topic: AF09BT08
Military applications for the use of directed electromagnetic energy, which include high power microwave (HPM), seek to disrupt electronic systems by exploiting non-linearity in semiconductors. While current mode second breakdown is a thermal non-linearity often exploited, it has been demonstrated that a broad class of semiconductors have more subtle non-linearities that can be utilized to induce ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: ACES QC, LC Topic: AF09BT40
The objective of Phase I is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the various multi-reference coupled-cluster (MRCC) methods that have been proposed for the description of molecular states depending upon near degeneracies and non-dynamic electron correlation. Such effects are encountered in bond breaking, at transition states, for complex open shell systems like transition metal atoms, and f ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Tanner Research, Inc. Topic: AF09BT39
The Air Force has a strategic need for a fuel source that is renewable (and which does not rely on foreign petroleum sources). Several approaches to a renewable fuel source have been investigated; with “artificial photosynthesis” being one example. At its core, the photosynthesis reaction is a photoinduced charge separation reaction with light being concentrated by antenna complexes onto a c ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
Theoretical Innovations in Combining Analytical, Experimental, and Computational Combustion Stability AnalysisSBC: Metacomp Technologies, Inc. Topic: AF09BT38
The occurrence of combustion instability has long been a matter of serious concern in the development of liquid-propellant rocket engines due to the high rate of energy release in a confined volume in which energy losses are relatively small. Shear layer instabilities and intermittent growth rates of the mixing layer cause fluctuations in the burning rates and result in acoustic waves triggering ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: STOCHASTECH CORPORATION Topic: AF09BT06
The real-time implementation of controls in nonlinear systems remains one of the great challenges in applying advanced control technology. Often, linearization around a set point is the only practical approach, and many controllers implemented in hardware systems are simple PID feedback mechanisms. To apply Pontryagin’s principle or Bellman’s equation using conventional hardware and algorith ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: ADA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. Topic: AF09BT22
The ever-decreasing size of the electronic microchips and the ever-increasing density of electronic components required to support future Air Force platforms are creating the problem of substantial localized heat generation that can impair component operation. State of the art thermal interface materials (TIMs), that are used to dissipate heat from the source to the spreader in a microchip, are se ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS INC Topic: AF09BT33
Detecting explosives and weapons under clothing or in hand carried packages, and imaging terrain and objects through fog and smoke are two high-priority needs that can be met using light in the Terahertz frequency range. However, to image concealed threats, and aid in navigation in fog and smoke, a practical, low cost THz camera is needed. Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) in collaboration with Re ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: MATHSENSE ANALYTICS Topic: AF09BT21
The key to making quantum key distribution practical (especially for free-space applications) is to be able to use weak laser pulses (WLP) instead of single photons, while at the same time making sure that any third party wanting to avoid detection and mount an eavesdropping attack is restricted to using beam-splitting rather than photon-number splitting (PNS). In this effort, we propose a novel s ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: G. A. Tyler Associates, Inc. Topic: AF09BT21
The proposed effort develops the understanding required to assess the utility of using OAM states and quantum entanglement as a novel protocol for quantum key distribution for propagation through an aberrating medium such as the atmosphere. In addition a conceptual design of an experiment that is appropriate to further the development of this capability will be developed on the proposed Phase I e ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force