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SBC: STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES, INC. Topic: AF08BT10
In this STTR program, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. (SMI) and Cornell University are developing a flexible graphene film deposition system, for both research and production applications. In Phase I, our team demonstrated technical feasibility of scaling existing graphene process technology at Cornell to large wafer sizes. We demonstrated high quality graphene films by both silicon sublim ...STTR Phase II 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: STOCHASTECH CORPORATION Topic: AF09BT06
The real-time implementation of controls in nonlinear systems remains one of the great challenges in applying advanced control technology. Often, linearization around a set point is the only practical approach, and many controllers implemented in hardware systems are simple PID feedback mechanisms. To apply Pontryagin’s principle or Bellman’s equation using conventional hardware and algorith ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Tanner Research, Inc. Topic: AF09BT39
The Air Force has a strategic need for a fuel source that is renewable (and which does not rely on foreign petroleum sources). Several approaches to a renewable fuel source have been investigated; with “artificial photosynthesis” being one example. At its core, the photosynthesis reaction is a photoinduced charge separation reaction with light being concentrated by antenna complexes onto a c ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Tanner Research, Inc. Topic: AF08BT26
ABSTRACT: A system that operates at room temperature and that could scan for concealed weapons from standoff distances of >10 m would be a tremendous asset for US military homeland security personnel worldwide. THz imaging can, potentially, be used for this application, but it requires the development of a new class of THz detectors whereby the signal to noise ratios are improved significantly. ...STTR Phase II 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: TECH-X CORPORATION Topic: AF09BT10
We propose to develop a commercial weakly ionized plasma modeling capability based off of Tech-X’s high energy density plasma fluid code TxFluids. The new additions will be able to be used to model hypersonic vehicle physics including shock waves, plasma chemistry and innovative techniques for blackout mitigation and hypersonic vehicle control through the application of electric and/or magnetic ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: MATHSENSE ANALYTICS Topic: AF09BT21
The key to making quantum key distribution practical (especially for free-space applications) is to be able to use weak laser pulses (WLP) instead of single photons, while at the same time making sure that any third party wanting to avoid detection and mount an eavesdropping attack is restricted to using beam-splitting rather than photon-number splitting (PNS). In this effort, we propose a novel s ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Apolent Corporation Topic: AF09BT06
We apply the theory of partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) to the design of guidance algorithms for controlling the motion of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with on-board sensors for tracking multiple ground targets. While POMDPs are intractable to optimize exactly, principled approximation methods can be devised based on Bellman’s principle. We introduce a new approximation ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Elissar, LLC Topic: AF09BT06
The growing complexity of future military systems demands the development of high-performance nonlinear control algorithms. The goal of this proposal is to develop a specially designed software/hardware architecture to enable real-time autonomous closed-loop control of nonlinear high-dimensional dynamical systems. Following the recent success of pseudospectral (PS) computational control methods in ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Kassoy Innovative Science Solutions Topic: AF09BT38
Quantitative predictions of reactive flow dynamics from large-scale simulations of Liquid Rocket Engines (LRE) appear to be model dependent. Relationships and coupling among the dominant mechanisms most responsible for destabilization are obscured by the complexities of the model and subtle consequences of inherent ad hoc approximations not supported by mathematical rationale. The reliability of ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force
SBC: Physical Engineering Corporation Topic: AF09BT39
This Phase I STTR proposal will demonstrate nanostructured “metal-black” coatings to enhance absorption by thin film solar cells. The problem is that silicon has low absorption due to its indirect gap. The opportunity is that nano-scale metallic scattering centers increase the effective optical path length and enhance the solar electric-field strength in thin-film solar cells, leading to more ...STTR Phase I 2010 Department of DefenseAir Force