GABOR/WIGNER-VILLE PROCESSING FOR CROSSTERM SUPPRESSION, RESOLUTION ENHANCEMENT AND NOISE REDUCTION IN UNDERWATER...

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 15277
Amount: $59,743.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1991
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Atlantic Aerospace Electronics
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 300, Greenbelt, MD, 20770
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Richard Orr
 Principal Investigator
 (301) 982-5215
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE WIGNER-VILLE (WV) DISTRIBUTION FINDS FAVOR IN PROCESSING FOR ACOUSTIC TRANSIENT SIGNATURE IDENTIFICATION BECAUSE OF ITS ABILITY TO PORTRAY TIME HISTORY OF THE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF SIGNAL ENERGY. A KEY ISSUE OF CURRENT RESEARCH ON THE WV DISTRIBUTION IS THE SUPPRESSION OF QUADRATICALLY-INDUCED CROSSTERMS IN THE REPRESENTATION OF SUPERPOSED SIGNALS. WE PROPOSE TO RESEARCH METHODS FOR CROSSTERM SUPPRESSION, RESOLUTION ENHANCEMENT AND NOISE REDUCTION BASED ON INTRODUCTION OF A SIGNAL'S GABOR EXPANSION INTO THE WV DISTRIBUTION. CROSSTERM CONTROL IS EXERCISED BY SIMULTANEOUS MINIMIZATION OF THE NUMBER OF SIGNIFICANT TERMS IN THE EXPANSION AND ELIMINATION OF THE GABOR BASIS CROSSTERMS IN A "CROSSTERM-DELETED" REPRESENTATION. APPROPRIATE CHOICE OF A GABOR WINDOW FUNCTION--ONE WELL MATCHED TO THE DATA CHARACTERISTICS--IN THIS REPRESENTATION WILL BOTH REDUCE THE NUMBER OF CROSSTERMS AND DECREASE OVERLAP (INCREASE RESOLUTION) AMONG THE AUTOTERMS. NONLINEAR PREPROCESSING OF THE GABOR COEFFICIENTS UNDER MATCHED WINDOW CONDITIONS CAN SUBSTANTIALLY ATTENUATE NOISE PRIOR TO COMPUTATION OF THE WV DISTRIBUTION. THE PROPOSED PROGRAM WILL YIELD A TESTBED OF NOVEL METHODS UPON WHICH ADVANCED RESEARCH IN SIGNATURE IDENTIFICATION CAN BE BASED. THE PROPOSED PROJECT HAS POTENTIAL APPLICATION TO CURRENTLY ACTIVE AREAS OF GOVERNMENT RESEARCH, E.G., DEVELOPING AN AUTOMATED SIGNAL PROCESSING FACILITY TO AID IN CLASSIFICATION OF ACOUSTIC EVENTS AT SEA. THE SIGNAL REPRESENTATIONS MADE AVAILABLE BY THE PROPOSED EFFORT WOULD PROVIDE ADDITIONAL TOOLS THAT COULD BE IMPLEMENTED IN FIRMWARE/ HARDWARE AND TRANSFERRED TO A FACILITY SUCH AS THAT SUPPORTED BY DARPA AT ORINCON CORP.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government