High-Efficiency, Low-Temperature Regenerators for Cryocoolers

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNA04CB33C
Agency Tracking Number: 033245
Amount: $69,584.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2004
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Atlas Scientific
1367 Camino Robles Way, San Jose, CA, 95120
DUNS: 938515913
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ali Kashani
 Principal Investigator
 (408) 507-0906
Business Contact
 Ali Kashani
Title: Business Official
Phone: (408) 507-0906
Email: akashani@atlasscientific.com
Research Institution
Future NASA planetary and astrophysics missions will require various enhancements in multi-stage cryocoolers. These include increased efficiency, reduced vibration and reductions in overall system mass and power consumption. For the small coolers required, pulse tube and Stirling coolers offer the best opportunities. At present, the efficiency of these coolers is limited by the effectiveness of low-temperature-stage regenerators. Below about 60 K, two factors play key roles in reducing the effectiveness of regenerators. One is that the heat capacity of most materials falls rapidly with decreasing temperature, thereby, severely limiting the number of useful materials to a few in common use. A second factor is that these commonly used materials are only available in powder form, a form known to raise reliability issues. In this effort, we will address both factors. We will use newly developed materials with high heat capacities at temperatures below 60 K, higher than that of commonly used materials. Further, we will develop a novel low-temperature regenerator matrix that will address both the aspect of high-efficiency and regenerator durability. Both the void fraction and the ratio of surface area to solid fracton of the regenerator matrix will be varied to achieve high efficiency.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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