Development of breakthrough intra-operative detector and imaging system for parat

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 9R42CA192243-02A1
Agency Tracking Number: R42CA192243
Amount: $1,136,297.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 102
Solicitation Number: PA13-235
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2014
Award Year: 2014
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2014-06-04
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-10-31
Small Business Information
325 Chapala Street, Santa Barbara, CA, 93101-3407
DUNS: 556921620
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 ANITA MAHADEVANJANSEN
 (615) 343-4787
 anita.mahadevan-jansen@vanderbilt.edu
Business Contact
 ROSHAN SHETTY
Phone: (805) 455-5482
Email: roshan@anasysinstruments.com
Research Institution
 VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY
 1400 18TH AVE SOUTH
NASHVILLE, TN, 37212-2809
 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
DESCRIPTION provided by applicant There are parathyroid glands in the neck and they are responsible for the production of parathyroid hormone which maintains calcium homeostasis throughout the body They are difficult to identify relative to the other tissues in the neck such s lymph nodes fat thyroid etc This has resulted in the incidence of accidental parathyroid removal ranging from to of patients undergoing total thyroidectomy Damage to the parathyroid gland s can cause hypoparathyroidism and hypocalcemia resulting in serious and deleterious side effects There are different surgery procedures in the neck region where a key part of surgery protocol is for the surgeon to visually identify the parathyroid clearly to avod accidental injury and removal These are Thyroidectomy involving partial or complete removal of thyroid Parathyroidectomy involving removal of one or more parathyroid glands and modified Neck Dissection involving removal of lymph nodes in neck into which cancer has spread In a recent discovery the PI Prof Mahadevan Jansenandapos s group at Vanderbilt University reported for the first time the breakthrough finding that the Parathyroid Gland has a unique autofluorescence signature in the NIR under illumination at nm The Phase research demonstrated a prototype platform based on this technology that could do point detection and imaging The specific aims of this proposal is to build upon that work and it seeks to a Develop a product that can function in two modes A point detection mode that can be used to confirm if a candidate tissue is parathyroid or not An imaging mode that can be used to look at a region to guide the surgeon to then using the point detection mode to confirm b To investigate the use of the auto fluorescence technology to assess lymph nodes intra operatively for cancer metastases c To detect parathyroid vascularization via diffuse reflectance spectroscopyPUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The goals of this project is to build an intra operative imager and detector that can uniquely detect the parathyroid glands and thus prevent their accidental removal since they are difficult to distinguish relative to other neck tissues such as lymph nodes fat thyroid etc There are around thyroid surgeries each year in the US to remove part or all of the thyroid Up to of these surgeries lead to accidental removal of the parathyroid glands This costs the US healthcare system about $ Mill yr annually that this project can help address The specific aims of the proposed STTR P project when achieved will yield a intra operative detector capable of imaging and identifying the parathyroid glands This will reduce injury due to accidental or incomplete removal of parathyroid tissue and an additional aim will help in assessing lymph nodes for cancer metastasis so as to prevent unnecessary lymph node removal Specific Aim a To design and build the point detection product that can be used to identity parathyroid intra operatively to prevent accidental injury and removal Our objective here is to build a real time point detection product that can work at illumination laser powers below mW so that we can obtain the eye safe Class R rating enabling the product to be used without laser safety goggles We have shown proof of concept of this in Phase and our goal is to engineer the product from that prototype If successful this product has the potential to save the US health care system at least $ Mill yr via reduced hospital stays post surgery Specific Aim b To design and build a product that can be used for imaging of tissue to identify the parathyroid within a field of view which can then be touched with a probe to confirm that it is the parathyroid Our objective here is to build a combined point detection and imaging product so as to enable the surgeon to scan a larger region to identify possible parathyroid candidates from the image and use the point probe to confirm We will explore two paths here One is more risky but much more simple and inexpensive The other is less risky but will lead to a slightly more expensive product If successful this product has the potential t save the US health care system at least $ Mill yr via reduced hospital stays post surgery Specific Aim To use the autofluorescence technology for lymph node cancer assessment during thyroid cancer surgery our preliminary data showed that patients with metastatic disease showed an increased fluorescence in the lymph node spectra potentially due to the presence of infiltrating cancer cells that originate from the thyroid or parathyroid Our objective here is to verify in a systematic study of patients that the autofluorescence technology can be used to detect Lymph node metastases Currently available techniques simply lack the sensitivity to detect all lymph metastases pre operatively correctly identifying lymph node involvement in only of patients This leads many endocrine surgeons to advocate prophylactic lymph node dissection leading to increased morbidity

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government