Broad Spectrum Antiviral Nucleoside Phosphonate Analogs

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44AI100401-03
Agency Tracking Number: R44AI100401
Amount: $2,987,766.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2015
Solicitation Year: 2010
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PA10-123
Small Business Information
540 AVIS DR STE A, Ann Arbor, MI, 48108-7906
DUNS: 156551699
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 ELKE LIPKA
 (734) 663-4233
 elipka@tsrlinc.com
Business Contact
 JOHN HILFINGER
Phone: (734) 663-4233
Email: jhilfinger@tsrlinc.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
DESCRIPTION provided by applicant The Working Group for Civilian Biodefense reviewed potential biological threat agents and listed those considered to pose the greatest threat to the civilian population Variola and other orthopox DNA viruses were identified as a potential bioterrorism threat Additionally other DNA viruses are of increasing concern in a public health context due to the emergence of new pathogens and the potential for development of drug resistance among currently recognized viruses Thus the development of new more effective broad spectrum antiviral compounds against category A C and emerging pathogens is a high priority for NIAID The DNA viruses which include herpes adeno pox polyoma and papillomaviruses have a requirement for DNA synthesis during their life cycle This common element therefore becomes a common target for broad spectrum antiviral compounds The nucleoside phosphonates NP exemplified by HPMPA and cidofovir have shown strong activity across a wide spectrum of DNA viruses However their development as antiviral drugs has been hampered by their inherent lack of bioavailability due to their highly polar nature Our research efforts have centered on overcoming the lack of oral bioavailability and low cellular permeability of available broad spectrum antiviral cyclic and acyclic nucleoside phosphonate CNP and ANP drugs by means of a novel prodrug strategy In the Phase I portion of the project these efforts have yielded a lead series of prodrugs of HPMPC cidofovir and HPMPA with greatly enhanced in vitro antiviral potency against several DNA viruses good oral absorption and significantly reduced risk of toxicity In this Phase II SBIR project we propose to screen the lead compounds by fully characterizing their PK properties testing their in vivo efficacy in a number of acceptable animal models and measuring their toxicity in order to select a lead compound to take forward into the clinic The proposed program is based upon an established drug research partnership between Dr John Hilfinger at TSRL Inc and Professor Charles McKenna at the University of Southern California and will draw upon essential and unique virological expertise from collaborators located at the University of Alabama Birmingham Cincinnati Childrenandapos s Hospital St Louis University Utah State University and SUNY Medical Center PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The proposed research addresses a potentially catastrophic threat to public health namely the malicious or accidental introduction of a contagious potentially lethal viral pathogen into the US population In a partnership involving TSRL Inc th University of Southern California and the University of Alabama Birmingham a lead series of novel nucleotide derivatives was developed against a broad range of viral pathogens in the phase I portion of the project The proposed work in this Phase II SBIR has a goal of identifying a lead compound that will undergo clinical evaluation

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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