A NATURAL OAT-DERIVED OIL SPILL DISPERSANT

Award Information
Agency:
Environmental Protection Agency
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$47,000.00
Award Year:
1991
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
14801
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Basic Bio Systems Inc
2837 Fort Missoula Rd, Missoula, MT, 59801
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Richard C Potter
Principal Investigator
() -
Business Contact:
(406) 728-0260
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
BASIC BIO SYSTEMS, INC., PROPOSES TO INVESTIGATE A NOVEL APPROACH TO OIL SPILL CLEANUP UTILIZING A NATURAL, OAT-DERIVED DISPERSANT. PROTEINACEOUS OAT FRACTIONS DEVELOPED BY BASIC BIO SYSTEMS, INC. HAVE THE ABILITY TO ABSORB SEVERAL TIMES THEIR WEIGHT OF A WIDE RANGE OF COMPOUNDS, INCLUDING HYDROPHOBIC MATERIALS SUCH AS OILS. INADDITION, THESE FRACTIONS CAN FUNCTION AS EFFECTIVE EMULSIFIERS, FORMING EMULSIONS UNDER AMBIENT CONDITIONS WITHLOW-ENERGY MIXING. THE COMBINATION OF THESE TWO CHARACTERISTICS ALLOWS THESE MATERIALS TO FUNCTION AS OIL SPILL DISPERSANTS. PLACING THE OAT FRACTIONS ON AN OIL SLICK CAUSES ABSORPTION OF THE OIL, PRODUCING AN IN SITU EMULSIFIABLE CONCENTRATE. SUBSEQUENT WAVE AND CURRENT ACTION CREATES AN EMULSION, DISPERSING THE OIL INTO THE WATER COLUMN. OPTIMIZATION OF THE DISPERSANT TYPE AND PHYSICAL FORM WILL BE UNDERTAKEN AND COMPARISONS IN EFFICIENCY MADE WITH CONVENTIONAL SURFACTANT DISPERSANTS USING THE LABOFINA TEST. POTENTIAL ADVANTAGES OF THE OAT-DERIVED DISPERSANT INCLUDE LOW TOXICITY, ABILITY TO DISPERSE "MOUSSE", ENHANCEMENT OF THE GROWTH OF HYDROCARBON METABOLIZED ORGANISMS BY PROVIDING A NUTRIENT SOURCE, AND PROVIDING AN EASILY HANDLED SOLID FORM.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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