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Novel Orally-Available Prodrugs for Alzheimer's Disease

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43AG051285-01
Agency Tracking Number: R43AG051285
Amount: $225,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIA
Solicitation Number: PA14-071
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2015
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2015-08-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2016-07-31
Small Business Information
79 T. W. Alexander Drive
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2076
United States
DUNS: 141881727
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 MICHAEL VITEK
 (919) 367-0781
 mvitek@bellsouth.net
Business Contact
 MICHAEL VITEK
Phone: (919) 656-7835
Email: mikevitek@cognosci.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Alzheimerandapos s Disease AD is a progressive neuro degenerative disease that affects over million aged Americans and their million caregivers While the exact cause of AD in sporadic patients is unknown enzymes and proteins that increase in the AD state are logical targets for drug development Ornithine Decarboxylase ODC is the rate limiting enzyme for the synthesis of polyamines In addition to ODC itself levels of polyamines are also significantly increased in AD brains compared to age matched controls Polyamines have been associated with increased NMDA mediated excitotoxicity decreased inward rectifier activity and increased aggregation of the amyloid beta peptide A All of these activities can contribute to neuronal loss in the AD brain Difluoromethylornithine DFMO is an irreversible inhibitor of ODC that is off patent and has been shown to reduce brain levels of polyamines However gastrointestinal toxicities preclude dosing DFMO at high levels which is why DFMO is typically intravenously infused in patients with sleeping sickness We propose synthesizing novel prodrugs based upon the DFMO parent molecule that will be absorbed in the gut but do not cause gastrointestinal toxicities Once these prodrugs are in the blood stream esterases in the blood will cleave off the extra chemical groups to allow the DFMO inhibitor of ODC to circulate From our own experiments and those of others DFMO crosses the blood brain barrier to enter the brain and inhibit brain ODC In preliminary data we showed that administration of DFMO to the CVN mouse model of Alzheimerandapos s disease significantly improves their learning and memory behavior while reducing amyloid plaque like and neurofibrillary tangle like structures In addition another group recent reported similar therapeutic effects of DFMO administration in another mouse model of AD The extensive use of DFMO in humans with other diseases plus these new data support that prodrugs based on DFMO may be effective anti Alzheimerandapos s agents The prodrugs that we are proposing to synthesize are novel and pending successful testing for activity as detailed in this proposal wil be useful which are the two main criteria for patenting theses new compositions of matter and their field of use

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Orally Available Prodrugs for Alzheimerandapos s Disease AD AD is a progressive neuro degenerative disease that affects over million aged Americans and their million caregivers One enzyme that significantly increases in AD patients is ornithine decarboxylase or ODC ODC is the rate limiting enzyme in the production of polyamines which are also significantly increase in AD brains Polyamines enhance neuronal death in the brain where they contribute to neuronal death in AD We propose to create and test novel prodrugs that can be orally delivered to AD patients without gastrointestinal toxicities will reduce ODC activity will reduce polyamine levels and will reduce neuronal death in AD which should lead to improved learning and memory in AD patients

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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