CALCIUM PRIMARY CELLS WITH IMPROVED ANODE STABILITY AND ENERGY DENSITY

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Navy
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 5590
Amount: $55,809.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1987
Solitcitation Year: N/A
Solitcitation Topic Code: N/A
Solitcitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Battery Engineering Inc
1636 Hyde Park Ave, Hyde Park, MA, 02136
Duns: N/A
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 DR CARL SCHLAIKJER
 (617) 361-7555
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE GOALS OF THE PROGRAM ARE TO DECREASE ANODE CORROSION AND DISCHARGE OVER-POTENTIAL, AND TO INCREASE THE CAPACITY OF CALCIUM SOLUBLE CATHODE PRIMARY CELLS, BY USING A NOVEL SULFUR DIOXIDE BASED ELECTROLYTE. IN THE PRESENCE OF CALCIUM IONS AND THE NEW ELECTROLYTE, SULFUR DIOXIDE WAS REDUCED ON CARBON IN EXPERIMENTAL CELLS TO CALCIUM SULFIDE, NOT CALCIUM DITHIONITE. ONE CERTAIN ADVANTAGE IS THAT TWO EQUIVALENTS ARE OBTAINED PER MOLE OF SULFUR DIOXIDE INSTEAD OF ONE, AS IN THE LI/SO2 PRIMARY CELL. WE PROPOSE TO DETERMINE WHETHER D SIZE PROTOTYPE CALCIUM CELLS WITH SUPERIOR CAPACITY CAN BE CONSTRUCTED. THE CAC12 FILM HAS BEEN BLAMED FOR THE CORROSION AND POLARIZATION OF THE ANODES IN CALCIUM/OXYHALIDE CELLS, SINCE CAC12 IS AN ANION CONDUCTOR, NOT A CATION CONDUCTOR AS IS THE SALT FILM ON LITHIUM ANODES IN LITHIUM CELLS. IF THE SALT FILM ON CALCIUM IN THE NEW ELECTROLYTE IS ALSO CAS, WHICH IS A CATION CONDUCTOR, THEN CALCIUM ANODES MAY DISCHARGE BY THE SAME MECHANISM WHICH ALLOWS LITHIUM ANODES TO DISCHARGE EFFICIENTLY. USING PROTOTYPE D CELLS AND THE NEW ELECTROLYTE, WE PROPOSE TO DETERMINE WHETHER CALCIUM CORROSION AND POLARIZATION CAN BE REDUCED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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