Brain enriched microRNAs detectable in plasma as biomarkers of Alzheimer s disease

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44AG044860-04
Agency Tracking Number: R44AG044860
Amount: $916,749.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2015
Solicitation Year: 2016
Solicitation Topic Code: NIA
Solicitation Number: PA16-091
Small Business Information
3 ORCHID CT, Princeton, NJ, 08540-9429
DUNS: 962781378
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (917) 843-7629
Business Contact
Phone: (917) 843-7629
Research Institution
SUMMARY About of Americans age have Mild Cognitive Impairment MCI of which progress to dementia annually A growing number of companies are developing new therapeutics aiming to intervene early in the development of Alzheimerandapos s disease the most common form of dementia and there is a great need for accurate minimally invasive diagnostics for primary screening of individuals with early including presymptomatic stages of the disease DiamiR has developed a platform technology for early detection and differential diagnosis of AD and other neurodegenerative diseases NDs based on targeted selection and analysis of brain enriched and inflammation associated microRNAs miRNAs circulating in plasma A fundamental hypothesis underlying our approach is that brain enriched miRNAs which are present in neurites and synapses enriched in different brain regions affected by pathology e g hippocampus for early AD cortex and midbrain for advanced AD and detectable in plasma present effective biomarker candidates for detecting AD at different stages Normalization by other brain enriched miRNAs is used to compensate for changes unrelated or non specific to the pathology Since the development of NDs is often accompanied by neuroinflammation certain inflammation associated miRNAs were also included in the analysis In the Preliminary SBIR Phase I and II studies conducted in collaboration with the Roskamp Institute Washington University and University of Pennsylvania miRNA pairs capable of detecting MCI and AD at different stages of disease development including presymptomatic stage and differentiating AD from Parkinsonandapos s disease frontotemporal lobar degeneration and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with over accuracy have been established and tested in multiple cohorts The goal of this SBIR Phase IIB study is to optimize the protocol for sample preparation and processing so as to minimize miRNA degradation and maximize data reproducibility and to develop and validate Clinical Trial Assays CTAs for MCI and AD detection Specific aims include optimization of the protocol for sample preparation collection of plasma samples using the optimized protocol from MCI AD control subjects feature reduction to retain miRNAs development analytical validation of CTAs and assessment of the assay performance for the detection of MCI AD presymptomatic AD cognitively normal A positive and control cognitively normal A negative using samples prospectively collected with the optimized protocol at NYU UPenn UCSD AD centers and assessment of the assay performance for the detection of presymptomatic AD using pre collected plasma samples from the screening for A study The CTAs will be developed under CLIA guidelines and used to facilitate screening of better defined participants into clinical trials and monitoring of disease progression and response to treatment Following extensive testing in clinical trial setting the assays comprising the diagnostic product CogniMIRTM will be developed as in vitro diagnostics IVD and submitted for the approval by the FDA NARRATIVE In previous studies funded in part by SBIR Phase I and Phase II grants DiamiR has established novel blood based biomarkers for early detection and differential diagnosis of Alzheimerandapos s disease The biomarkers are certain microRNA molecules that are present in different regions of the brain and are also detectable in plasma In this Phase IIB SBIR DiamiR is developing a diagnostic product CogniMIRTM for use by clinical researches to facilitate screening of better defined participants into clinical trials

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government