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An integrated genotyping approach for HLA and other genetic systems

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R44AI120617-01
Agency Tracking Number: R44AI120617
Amount: $2,171,175.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PAR14-088
Solicitation Year: 2014
Award Year: 2015
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2015-07-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-06-30
Small Business Information
6840 54th Ave. NE
Seattle, WA 98115-7753
United States
DUNS: 040544386
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (206) 667-6001
Business Contact
Phone: (206) 526-8882
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Next Generation Sequencing NGS technologies provide a key mechanism in the expansion of precision medicine wherein treatments are designed based on the genetics unique to an individual patientandapos s illness A long standing and effective application of this concept has been in the clinical arena of hematopoietic cell transplants HCTs where for over years genetic information has been used in curing lymphoid and myeloid malignancies Primarily through genotyping of HLA loci and matching genotypes between donor and recipient clinical immunogenetics laboratories CILs have played an essential role in the treatment of these diseases In this capacity NGS has an immediate application in CILs supporting HCTs There are currently over HLA typing laboratories accredited by the American Society of Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics ASHI Most of these laboratories support transplant programs that collectively perform thousands of HCTs each year worldwide Additionally the resolution of HLA typing data has dramatically improved due to technological advances and reference data sets contributed by CILs and the resultant improved matching is strongly correlated with improved outcomes Due to the costs of traditional genotyping methods CILs must adopt an NGS based approach in order to contribute among large companies that perform high throughput HLA typing services During the past three years Scisco Genetics Inc and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center FHCRC have collaborated to build an NGS workflow supported by an informatics infrastructure that can thusly enable clinical laboratories genotyping human immune response genes Our Integrated Genotyping System IGS is a comprehensive solution comprising workflows with detailed procedures reagents and data analysis software The system is configured with our Genetics Management System GeMS informatics framework which includes the software tools necessary for ASHI compliant personnel reagent and sample tracking and data analysis and reporting The IGS has proven to be effective in reducing costs by enabling our partner CILs to replace their current multifold approach involving an ensemble of low mid and high resolution HLA typing methods with a single NGS workflow This reduction of operating costs is accompanied by an increase in HLA data quality and precision Also with the IGS CILs will be able to seamlessly incorporate new genetic tests exploring the intersection of genetics and immunity Accordingly we propose to achieve the following specific aims To disseminate the Scisco Genetics Inc Integrated Genotyping System IGS to targeted Clinical Immunogenetics Laboratories while gathering data on innovative new genetic approaches applicable to HCTs To improve and expand functionality for other genetic systems routinely tested in CILs and to enable new genotyping strategies in support of clinical research Several key pieces of our product are now available and ready for deployment but require capital and intellectual investment to help transition CILs to the routine use of the product workflows Scisco is now working with three CILs to install the IGS providing a model for furthering aim and suggesting directions for future developments within aim PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE This work will provide laboratories with access to state of the art sequencing technologies through an integrated genotyping system IGS Using our system clinical immunogenetics laboratories supporting transplant centers and other small to medium sized laboratories can utilize the most advanced gene sequencing methods available Our solution will accelerate the innovation process for medical genetics in these laboratories which are now driving the translation to precision medicine by working closely with doctors and clinics and prevent the technological and informational stagnation that would result from widespread outsourcing of clinical testing

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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