NONINVASIVE IMAGING OF REGIONAL BRAIN BLOOD FLOW

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$262,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
3350
Agency Tracking Number:
3350
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Suite 900, Los Angeles, CA, 90048
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
James P. O'halloran
Principal Investigator
(714) 957-5535
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
ACCURATE, NONINVASIVE ASSESSMENT OF BRAIN CIRCULATION IS NEEDED IN NUMEROUS NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF CEREBROVASCULAR PATHOLOGY (E.G., STROKE), DRUG TESTING, AND BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY. HOWEVER, CURRENTLY EMPLOYED METHODS NOT ONLY ARE VERY COSTLY, BUT EXPOSE PATIENTS TO RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS. FURTHER, NO AVAILABLE METHODS PROVIDE SECOND-TO-SECOND (E.G., REAL-TIME) DYNAMIC MEASURES OF CEREBROVASCULAR FUNCTION, GREATLY RESTRICTING THE NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS OF THESE METHODS. THE LONG-TERM GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROCOMPUTER-CONTROLLED ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE BRAIN MONITOR CAPABLE OF PROVIDING ACCURATE, NEARLY CONTINUOUS IMAGING OF HEMISPHERIC AND REGIONAL CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW ^ NONINVASIVELY^AT LESS COST THAN RADIOISOTOPE-BASED METHODS. PHASE I IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE TWO-DIMENSIONAL SPATIAL CALIBRATION OF THE NONTRAUMATIC RHEOENCEPHALOGRAPHIC (REG) METHOD BY COMPARING IT WITH AN ESTABLISHED RADIOLOGICAL PROCEDURE (GAMMA CAMERA WITH 133-XENON INHALATION) IN HEALTHY VOLUNTEER SUBJECTS AND PATIENTS WITH CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS. AT THIS STAGE, SEVERAL ACCEPTED FLOW EQUATIONS WILL BE COMPARED WITH THE GOAL OF CALCULATING ABSOLUTE FLOW VALUES USING IMPEDANCE WAVEFORM PARAMETERS. CONCURRENTLY, A MICROCOMPUTER-BASED SOFTWARE WILL BE DEVELOPED TO AUTOMATICALLY COLLECT, ANALYZE, AND FORMAT IMPEDANCE-DERIVED DATA. THIS WILL SIMPLIFY OPERATION OF THE SYSTEM SO THAT IT WILL BE USEFUL FOR CLINICAL AS WELL AS EXPERIMENTAL APPLICATIONS. PHASE II WILL INITIALLY INVOLVE DEVELOPMENT OF SOFTWARE TO GENERATE TWO-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES OF REGIONAL CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW, BASED ON PHASE I CALIBRATION. SUBSEQUENTLY, THE COMPLETE IMAGING SYSTEM WILL AGAIN BE COMPARED TO RADIOLOGICAL METHODS (PET SCANS, CT SCANS) AND TESTED IN CLINICAL POPULATIONS. THE SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATON OF THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WOULD PROVIDE ESSENTIAL, BASIC DATA NEEDED FOR COMMERCIALIZATION.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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