Kilo-base Range Isothermal DNA Amplification

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2R44GM071155-02
Agency Tracking Number: GM071155
Amount: $741,335.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2005
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2005-2
Small Business Information
Biohelix Corporation, 32 Tozer Rd, Beverly, MA, 01915
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (978) 998-7285
Business Contact
Phone: (978) 927-5054
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ability to amplify and subsequent detection a target sequence with a limited length may satisfy the need for diagnosing some of the diseases. Nevertheless, much biomedical research, such as cloning genes and analysis of genetics variation, often demands selective amplification of large DNA fragments in the kilo basepairs range. Currently Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is the only method used by researchers to amplify large DNA fragments. Although PCR is able to amplify a target up to 10-20 kb, a relatively high error rate due to the lack of proof-reading activity of Taq polymerase and the requirement of thermo-cycling may limit the use of PCR. The research proposed provides an alternative method to exponentially amplify medium range and long range DMA fragment at a constant temperature. A new isothermal DNA amplification method has been recently developed. This amplification technology, Helicase-Dependent Amplification (HDA), is based on the unwinding activity of a DNA helicase to separate two DNA strands generating single-stranded templates for primer hybridization and subsequent extension by a DNA polymerase. This amplification method is closer to nature's choice for the replication of genomic DNA. Thus, it may be a better way to amplify DNA. During the Phase I research, we demonstrated that, by using highly processive helicase RecBCD, we could amplify 1 kb DNA fragment and that it is feasible to increase the size of amplicon by coordinate activities of helicase and DNA polymerase. Therefore, we propose to further optimize the RecBCD-based HDA system and to improve coordination of HDA reaction by modulating the activity of helicase and DNA polymerase. The proposed product ultimately to be developed will be a RecBCD-based nucleic acid amplification kit capable of doing kilo-base range amplification at one temperature with high fidelity. Thus, amplification of a long DNA fragment could merely involve mixing a DNA sample with the HDA reagent mix and incubation in a water bath for one hour.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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