NEW METHOD OF FIXATION OF BIOPROSTHESES

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$500,000.00
Award Year:
1994
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
19345
Agency Tracking Number:
19345
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
430 Tenth Street North/west, Atlanta, GA, 30318
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Jean-marie D Girardot
(404) 881-1314
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
GLUTARALDEHYDE-PRESERVED BIOPROSTHESES HAVE BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH IMPORTANT LONG-TERM CLINICAL PROBLEMS SUCH AS STENOSIS, BIODEGRADATION AND CALCIFICATION-INDUCED HEART FAILURE. AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE USE OF GLUTARALDEHYDE, WHICH CONSISTS OF CROSS-LINKING BIOLOGICAL TISSUE BY FORMING STABLE BONDS, WILL BE DEVELOPED. PRELIMINARY DATA SUGGEST THAT THIS NEW PROCESS CROSS-LINKS PORCINE HEART VALVE LEAFLETS AT LEVELS SIMILAR TO GLUTARALDEHYDE. IN ADDITION, THE TREATED LEAFLETS ARE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE RESISTANT TO CALCIFICATION THAN CLUTARALDE-HYDE-PRESERVED LEAFLETS. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH IS TO FURTHER DEVELOP THIS PROCESS TO OPTIMIZE ITS EFFICACY AND SAFETY. THE SPECIFIC AIMS ARE TO: I) DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF TISSUE CROSS-LINKING BY QUANTIFICATION OF RESIDUAL AMINES, SHRINKAGE TEMPERATURE, COLLAGENASE AND PRONASE DIGESTION TESTS, II) DETERMINE CALCIFICATION OF LEAFLETS USING THE RATE SUBDERMAL IMPLANT MODEL, III) EVALUATE THE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS BY LIGHT AND SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY STUDIES, AND IV) EVALUATE THE BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF TREATED LEAFLETS. THESE EXPERIMENTS WILL BE PERFORMED USING FOUR DIFFERENT TREATMENT CONDITIONS FROM WHICH A SINGLE CONDITION WILL BE SELECTED FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE RESULTS. THIS NEW FIXATION PROCESS COULD REPRESENT AN IMPORTANT STEP IN THE FIELD OF HEART VALVE AND OTHER BIOPROSTHESES BY INCREASING THEIR CLINICAL DURABILITY.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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