SURFACE MODIFICATION OF BIOMATERIALS FOR THROMBOSIS PREVENTION

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 13923
Amount: $500,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1992
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
9924 W 74th St, Eden Prairie, MN, 55344
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Shawn G Dunkirk
 (612) 829-2700
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
ALL SYNTHETIC MATERIALS THAT CONTACT BLOOD EXPERIENCE PROBLEMS WITH BLOOD COMPATIBILITY. THE RAPID ADSORPTION OF PLASMA PROTEINS AND SUBSEQUENT ADHERENCE AND ACTIVATION OF PLATELETS LEADS TO THROMBUS FORMATION. WHEN PATIENTS ARE IMPLANTED WITH VASCULAR DEVICES OR UNDERGO HEMODIALYSIS PROCEDURES, MAINTENANCE LEVELS OF ANTICOAGULANTS MUST BE GIVEN TO PREVENT LIFE-THREATENING CLOT FORMATIONS. HOWEVER, THESE DRUGS HAVE VERY DANGEROUS SIDE EFFECTS. PREPARATION OF NONTHROMBOGENIC-DEVICE POLYMERS WOULD REDUCE THE NEED FOR SUCH HIGH LEVELS OF THESE DRUGS. THIS PROJECT WILL USE PHOTOCHEMICAL COUPLING REAGENTS TO SURFACE-MODIFY BIOMEDICAL DEVICE MATERIALS FOR THROMBOSIS PREVENTION. HYDROPHILIC MATERIALS WILL BE IMMOBILIZED TO PREVENT PLASMA PROTEIN DEPOSITION, AND HEPARIN WILL BE ATTACHED TO THE ENDS OF THESE SPACERS TO GIVE THE SURFACE ANTICOAGULANT ACTIVITY. PHOTOCHEMISTRY IS CHOSEN BECAUSE THIS CHEMISTRY ALLOWS GENERIC COUPLING TO A WIDE RANGE OF MEDICAL DEVICE POLYMERS. SEVERAL PHOTOACTIVATIBLE REAGENTS WILL BE PREPARED, AND THEN THE PHOTOIMMOBILIZATION OF THESE REAGENTSTO RELEVANT MATERIALS WILL BE DEMONSTRATED. IN VITRO ANTICOAGULANT AND PLATELET ADHERENCE AND ACTIVATION ASSAYS WILL BE CONDUCTED TO EVALUATE THE EFFICACIES OF THE MODIFIED SURFACES. THESE IN VITRO ANALYSES WILL LEAD TO ADDITIONAL CHEMISTRY OPTIMIZATION AND EX VIVO SHUNT TESTING OF THROMBOGENICITY AND HEMOCOMPATIBILITY IN PHASE II.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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